As the science and knowledge service of the European Commission, the Joint Research Centre's mission is to support EU policies with independent evidence throughout the whole policy cycle.
A new series of factsheets published by the JRC and the European Network of Cancer Registries (ENCR) provide a unique overview of the cancer disease burden in Europe. They collect, condense and communicate important Europe-wide data on the second most common cause of death in the European Union.
Reliable, comparable, high-quality data and indicators on cancer are essential to guide policy and improve EU programmes dedicated to prevention, control and care. Harmonised cancer data are also invaluable resources for cancer epidemiology, allowing greater understanding of the differences and related causes in population-based studies across regional and national boundaries.
The new factsheets inform the reader about regional differences in incidence rates within Europe, on gender patterns and on trends over the last decades. Complete with a summary of screening and prevention methods and an overview of causes and risk factors, they are a unique contribution to harmonised and improved EU-wide information on cancer.
The first two cancer types covered in this series are colorectal and prostate cancers, with 864 000 newly diagnosed cases estimated in 2012 in the European population.
New factsheets covering different types of cancer will be published on a monthly basis. Forthcoming topics are: lung, breast, malignant melanoma of skin and cervix uteri cancers. They are produced and published by the JRC and the ENCR, based on screening and analysis of data and figures collected and provided by the ENCR-affiliated cancer registries all over Europe.
Together with ENCR, the JRC is spearheading the development of a harmonised cancer information system for Europe, involving other important stakeholders, such as the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the EUROCARE project and other research groups.
The European Network of Cancer Registries, currently hosted at the JRC, was established within the framework of the Europe Against Cancer Programme of the European Commission. It promotes collaboration between cancer registries, defines data collection standards, provides training for cancer registry personnel and regularly disseminates information on incidence and mortality from cancer in Europe.