We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
A new Reference Report published by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) shows that €3.3 billion in R&D on low-carbon technologies were invested in the EU in 2007. Of this, 56% came from industry, a figure that rises to 69% when taking into account only non-nuclear low-carbon energy technologies. Both corporate and public R&D investments are largely concentrated in a few Member States.
At the JRC's Annual Lecture entitled: "climate services: fit for purpose?", Yvo de Boer explained the ingredients for their success. Such services have to be put in the context of people's regional relevance - even if this means extrapolating data at regional level - and the dissemination frequency of information has to be much higher. Only then will they be able to provide their crucial role of supporting the policy-making process, bringing business on board and contributing to the creation of a public awareness and understanding.
The 2007 edition of the European Commission's annual scoreboard of companies' spending on research and development (R&D) shows that corporate R&D has increased by 10%, th EU-based companies increasing their R&D investment by 7.4%. is compares to 5.3% gwth reported in the 2006 edition. The scoreboard also shows an upward trend in companies' profitability all over the world. The world's biggest investor in R&D in the 2007 Scoreboard is Pfizer of the US, with EUR 5.8 billion. The top EU company is DaimlerChrysler of Germany with EUR 5.2 billion
22 March marks the annual celebration of World Water Day. Together with ministerial delegations from more than 100 countries, the European Union endorsed a Ministerial Declaration on Water at last week's World Water Forum. Action is needed to balance the difficult water supply and demand equation, handle water stress or water scarcity in times of changing climate and sustain our water ecosystems. The European Commission supports research to help to manage our water resources sustainably and achieve the shift towards an internationally competitive, water-efficient economy in Europe.
These awards, launched by the European Commission in 2005 and 2000 respectively, promote the reduction of energy consumption by public and private organisations on a voluntary basis.
The European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the American Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) are working to innovate and reinforce their food security monitoring systems and to develop more efficient early warning tools. These efforts come as a response to the 2007-2008 global food crisis that increased significantly the number of countries under threat of famine. Satellite observation is the key instrument that will allow to double in 2010 the number of countries monitored in real time for detecting first indications of adverse agricultural outcomes. The new Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) system facilitates and accelerates the reaction time to food security crises by allowing a common and internationally recognised classification of their severity.
Nuclear safety: stress tests
Low-cost catfish fillets sold as expensive sole fillets or cod caught in the North Sea but declared as originating from the Baltic Sea are both examples of types of fraud in the fisheries sector. A European Commission report published today shows how molecular technologies - based on genetics, genomics, chemistry and forensics - can provide clear answers to questions such as "what species does this fish product come from….where was this fish caught….is it wild or farmed?". The report by the Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC), is called "Deterring illegal activities in the fisheries sector" and shows how these technologies can help in the fight against illegal practices and support traceability- including of processed products such as canned fish - "from ocean to fork".
The European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) has developed a high resolution digital view of man-made green house gas (GHG) emissions for any 10 x 10 kms area in the world. Using JRC's work on emissions and Google Earth™, this new tool allows the visualisation of the levels of emissions locally from 1970 to 2005 and the identification of the main sources.
A new research centre will be officially opened by European Science and Research Commissioner Janez Poto nik today that will provide training and opportunities to share knowledge for scientists from across South Eastern Europe. It will focus specifically on the field of the chemical and bio-analytical measurements required for the implementation of EU legislation in areas such as environmental monitoring. The Slovenian-European Natural Sciences Research Centre (SENARC) is based in Maribor, Slovenia, and is funded from the EU’s Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance and Structural Funds, among other sources. The opening will also be attended by the Slovenian Minister of Higher Education, Science and Technology, Jure Zupan.