POLES is a global energy model that covers the entire energy balance, from final energy demand, transformation and power production to primary supply and trade of energy commodities across countries and regions. It allows assessing the contribution to future energy needs of the various energy types (fossil fuels, nuclear, renewables) and energy vectors.
In addition, it calculates the evolution of GHG emissions: endogenously for the energy-industry sectors and through linkage with specialist models for GHG emissions from agriculture and land-use, and air pollution.
The model includes a detailed geographical representation, with a total of 66 regions modelled; that includes all G-20 countries, detailed OECD and the main non-OECD economies. It operates on a yearly time step, allowing integrating recent developments.
The POLES model is well suited to evaluate the evolution of energy demand in the main world economies and international markets as well as to assess climate and energy policies. De facto it has been used for several Directorates General of the European Commission, as well as for national authorities. The POLES modelling groups are also partner in several research projects, and analyses based on POLES have been published widely.