EU Science Hub

Energy supply

KEY FINDINGS | SUMMARY CARD | INFOGRAPHIC | REPORTS

 

Energy supply

← Back to home page


Energy supply
©rcfotostock stock.adobe.com

Summary of Key Findings

Overall for the EU and UK, hydropower is projected to increase with global warming and nuclear power to decrease. However, there are regional differences, such as increased hydropower in northern Europe and a decline in hydropower and nuclear power in southern Europe due to lower water availability for direct production and cooling of river-based plants.

In northern Europe substitution effects, i.e. increasing availability of cheaper hydropower, could result in lower production costs, while they would increase in southern Europe.

Wind and solar production are not affected significantly by global warming. Improved cooling technologies have the potential to strongly reduce the negative effects of water scarcity, particularly for nuclear plants in southern Europe.

Figure: Climate change impacts on power production in Europe. Impacts of 1.5, 2 and 3°C global warming scenarios imposed on today’s power system (static scenario)>

Figure: Climate change impacts on power production in Europe. Impacts of 1.5, 2 and 3°C global warming scenarios imposed on today’s power system (static scenario); and impacts of 2°C warming on the 2050 power system (dynamic scenario), with and without adaptation of water cooling. “Other thermal" designates biomass, coal, gas and oil plants.

Summary Card

Peseta IV Energy Supply Summary Card First Page

Infographic

Energy supply infographic co-created at a workshop in Ispra October 2019. PDF download available below.

 

Reports

 

SECTOR REPORT
Energy Report

Download PDF

 

FINAL REPORT
#

Download PDF

 

 

KEY FINDINGS | SUMMARY CARD | INFOGRAPHIC | REPORTS