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The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
With global warming, droughts will become more frequent, last longer and become more intense in Mediterranean and Atlantic regions of Europe.
Drought conditions will become less extreme in Boreal and Continental Europe. Total economic losses from drought in Europe would grow from 9.4 €billion/year now to 45 €billion/year with 3°C global warming in 2100.
Under the climate change mitigation scenarios considered in PESEAT IV, the damage in 2100 would be approximately halved compared to no mitigation.
Figure: Fraction of area exposed to changes in drought occurrence for three global warming scenarios, compared to present (1981-2010), for European sub-regions.