EU Science Hub

JRC at AAAS 2012

The 2012's Annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science takes place in Vancouver from February 16 to 20. The JRC has organised 3 sessions and JRC scientists have been invited to speak in other 3 sessions. Topics covered are permafrost soils, ICT and food security, space weather, climate change, assistive technologies and GMOs.

JRC at AAAS 2012

At the AAAS Annual meeting 2012, the JRC organised the following 3 scientific sessions:

In addition, JRC scientists were invited speakers in other 3 sessions:

Sessions organised by the JRC

Applying Assistive Technology To Improve Quality of Life

About 10 percent of the world's population live with a disability, and the aging population is one of the main challenges of the 21st century for developed countries. Recent improvements in computer science and new technologies have opened new perspectives on ways to help aging and disabled people.

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  • Hans-Georg Frantz, FH Joanneum Gesellschaft mbH, Austria
    An RFID Based Indoor Navigation System for Visually Impaired and Blind People
  • Pierre Dumouchel, Centre de Recherche Appliquée en Technologies de l'Information (CRIM), Canada
    Research and Technology in Canada: How Can Technology Help Disabled People?
  • Stephan Lechner, European Commission, JRC Institute for Protection and Security of the Citizen
    E-Inclusion in Europe

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The Role of Information and Communications Technology in Making Sense of Global Food Prices

Access to food in many countries is recurrently at risk due, among other reasons, to unexpected increases in the international commodity and food prices. The rationale behind commodity price spikes is complex. However, it seems clear that sudden market or policy reactions amplify the impacts.

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Northern Soils: What If They Thaw?

Regions above the latitude of 50°N (boreal and arctic regions) represent 16 percent of global land surface. So far, the public perception has focused on the melting of arctic ice as one of the indicators for climate change. However, 1,700 billion tons of organic carbon are kept in the soils of these regions, and their thawing could lead to the substantial release of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere and would further increase global warming.

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  • Luca Montanarella, European Commission, JRC Institute for Environment and Sustainability
    What Lies Beneath the Soils of the Northern Circumpolar Region?
  • Charles Tarnocai, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
    Soil Organic Carbon Pools in the Northern Circumpolar Region
  • Charles Koven, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    Frozen Soil Carbon and Its Impact on Climate Change

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JRC scientists invited to speak in other sessions

Conquering the Final Frontier: The Importance of Space Technologies in All that We Do

Famous futurologist Alvin Toffler observed trends in wealth creation in the postindustrial society: everywhere (globalization), nowhere (cyberspace), and out there (outer space). Space technologies are already becoming an integral part of modern society.

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Exploding Myths on Reactor Security, Harm Reduction, and Genetically Modified Organisms

This session explores myths about the seldom-seen science behind some of today's most controversial public policy issues. Case studies will spotlight that crucial interface between science, policy, and society vis-à-vis nuclear energy, crop innovations (gentically modified organisms ), and harm reduction (tobacco). Accepting that societal problems are not necessarily problems with purely scientific solutions, speakers will argue that calculated risks are fundamental to realizing proven benefits.

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Non–Carbon Dioxide Greenhouse Gases and Aerosols: Climate Science Information for Decisions

While carbon dioxide increases are estimated to be the single biggest contributor to the human-induced forcing of climate change, other species have also perturbed the climate system. This session will focus on the physical and chemical aspects of these non–carbon dioxide species; how they have forced the climate system; how they will contribute in the future; what are the telltale signatures of these agents; what have been and will be the impacts of these changes on climate, including precipitation and air quality; how to improve the level of confidence in the scientific knowledge; and how can the knowledge be framed as inputs into decision-making.

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