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JRC at AAAS 2011

The 2011's Annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science takes place in Washington D.C. from February 17 to 21. The JRC has organised a total of 7 sessions and JRC scientists have been invited to speak in other 4 sessions. Topics covered range from link between water and energy, measurements or biodiversity and protected areas.

JRC at AAAS 2011

At the AAAS Annual meeting 2011, the JRC organised the following seven scientific sessions:

In addition, JRC scientists were invited speakers in other 4 sessions:

Sessions organised by the JRC

Data Cocktails for Biodiversity:
Protected Area Management Without the Hangover

Today, the loss of species is estimated to be up to 10,000 times higher than the natural extinction rate. The cause: human activities. Preserving biodiversity on Earth is a key 21st century challenge -- protected areas are a vital part of the response. 

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Measurements as a Cornerstone of Global Trade and Quality of Life

Innumerable products and services rely in some way on technology, measurement, and standards. We easily understand that from structural tests of building materials to patient blood tests in hospitals, accurate measurements are the foundation of global trade and a better quality of life. 

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Cross-Border Responses to Global Challenges: Can Everybody Win?

This session brings together, for the first time, the experience of a world-renowned and world-class educational institution (the Massachusetts Institute of Technology ), the reference center in pan-European scientific cooperation for policy-making (the Joint Research Centre ), and the latest initiative taken by 27 European governments to drive sustainable growth and competitiveness through the stimulation of world-leading innovations (European Institute of Innovation and Technology ).

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Atomic Detectives:
Science Behind International Efforts To Combat Nuclear Terrorism

The nuclear security summit of April 2010 aimed at enhancing international cooperation to prevent nuclear terrorism, an issue that has been identified as the most immediate and extreme threat to global security. International cooperation at the scientific, technical, and operational level is of key importance for sustainable success in combating illicit nuclear trafficking and nuclear terrorism. The three main steps related to combating illicit trafficking are prevention, detection, and response. 

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Joining Global Efforts in Post-Disaster Recovery and Reconstruction

Natural disasters come in many shapes and sizes. Most are related to the weather. Some are predictable like a hurricane. Some, like an earthquake, surprise us. What is certain is that they cause more fatalities and notable/irreversible damage in developing countries than anywhere else. According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the costs are now 15 times greater than in the 1950s, the number has increased 400 percent since 1975, and one-third of the world's population has been affected over the past 10 years.

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Limiting Climate Change:
Reducing Black Carbon and Tropospheric Ozone Precursors

This session brings together eminent scientists and pressure groups from New York to New Delhi to examine available options that can allow society to deal with the urgent task of mitigating climate change, while continuing to improve living conditions. Speakers will evidence that although reductions in carbon dioxide emissions and other long-lived greenhouse gases are essential for mitigation of long-term climate change, real leverage over near-term climate comes primarily from the tropospheric ozone precursors methane, carbon monoxide, and volatile organic compounds and, at least regionally, from black carbon aerosols. 

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The Energy and Water Nexus: Turning a Double Problem into a Solution

The two major challenges facing humanity today are related. Despite technological progress, society is incapable of providing the world's population with two basic needs: energy and water. By 2050, the global population is expected to level off at between 9 and 10 billion people -- 50 percent more of us than there are today. Population growth is pushing food production systems to new limits. Food production, estimated by the FAO to double by 2050, is in turn increasingly water and energy dependent, and in competition with energy for transportation and power. 

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JRC scientists invited to speak in other sessions

Energy Efficiency in Europe and the United States:
Success Stories and Future Potentials

Providing energy on a reliable and sustainable basis to improve energy efficiency is one of the most crucial challenges the world is facing today. This symposium will contribute to a vital dialog across the Atlantic about what has been achieved and still has to be done to build a more energy-efficient society. Experts from Europe and the United States will share their experience of the past and ideas for the future. The Joint Research Center of the European Commission will present research and development projects on end-use efficiency.

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Promoting Security and Sustaining Privacy:
How Do We Find the Right Balance?

We often consider data security to include confidentiality, so security and privacy are generally seen as being two sides of the same coin. If we broaden security to concerns about terrorism and serious crime, then increases in security often come at the expense of reduced privacy. Similarly, companies wishing to personalize the services offered to customers often infringe on the privacy of individuals. Actions by agencies can be direct and targeted at individual suspects or may be more generally applied. 

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Space Weather: The Next Big Solar Storm Could Be a Global Katrina

We are increasingly realizing the importance of space weather, i.e., the dynamics of near-Earth space and the sun, as a critical element of Earth’s environment. This is happening as our economic and security infrastructures have expanded far above Earth's atmosphere into space. Space has no borders. Our satellites all share the same orbits, and the impacts of space weather affect the entire planet, including airline transportation, navigation, communication, and electric power generation. The coupled sun-Earth system is far too vast and complex for any single nation or region to monitor and predict.

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International Neighbourhood Watch:
Citizen Scientists and International Security

Continued developments in science and technology have given small groups and even individuals the power to commit harm that historically only states could. But this decentralization of capability has also given nongovernmental groups and individuals the means to detect illicit and unsavory activities in ways that only state or international law enforcement, intelligence, and monitoring systems could, and these means, in many cases, exceed the capabilities that any but the largest countries and organizations had until recently.

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