We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
Open education is an umbrella term under which different understandings of open education can be accommodated.
It goes beyond open educational resources (OER) and open research outputs to embrace strategic decisions, teaching methods, collaboration between individuals and institutions, recognition of non-formal learning and different ways of making content available.
The European Commission's definition of open education is:
"a way of carrying out education, often using digital technologies. Its aim is to widen access and participation to everyone by removing barriers and making learning accessible, abundant, and customisable for all. It offers multiple ways of teaching and learning, building and sharing knowledge. It also provides a variety of access routes to formal and non-formal education, and connects" (Opening up Education: A Support Framework for Higher Education Institutions, 2016)
Open education is becoming ever more important in European higher education due to the fact that digital technologies are one of the main driving forces behind education modernisation.
The use of digital technologies for teaching and learning is no longer limited to open universities or virtual universities, but has spread through all types of institutions, both the more traditional and the avant-garde.
Opening up education is an important item on the European policy agenda for many reasons.
Stakeholders should explore ways in which to support open educational practices. Dialogue should be sought to form a common vision for opening up education in Europe. Watch the video series 'What's open education for you?'