As of May 2014 data on maritime accidents registered by the Member States in the European Marine Casualty Information Platform (EMCIP) will automatically be transmitted to the International Maritime Organization (IMO). This single step allows them to meet the legal requirements of both the EU and IMO. In addition to gains in efficiency, the connection to IMO will ensure a high level of accuracy between maritime safety analyses with the same data in both systems.
Maritime accidents involving Member State ships or occurring in territorial waters of an EU country are to date registered in EMCIP, an electronic database jointly developed by the JRC and the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA). The database was set up to comply with the Directive on the investigation of accidents in the maritime transport sector and allows for the storage, exchange and analysis of data on maritime casualties and incidents. The data are used by EMSA and the competent national authorities of the Member States to improve maritime safety and to prevent pollution by ships.
A similar database for reporting maritime accidents also exists at international IMO level. IMO States are requested to use the Global Integrated Shipping Information System (GISIS) for submitting maritime safety investigation reports and they can review the analysis of reports submitted by others. With a direct link between the two systems, Member States can be assured that reports and information submitted to EMCIP will also appear in GISIS.
The EMCIP system is based on the ECCAIRS (European Coordination Centre for Accident and Incident Reporting Systems) information system, a software platform developed by the JRC and deployed for aviation, maritime and railway authorities and investigation bodies in the EU and in the aviation sector worldwide.