We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
Over recent years, immigrants' chances of finding work in Europe have been heavily influenced by their education, skills and language levels but also by where they come from - and how long they have been resident in the country they move to. These remain important factors even when migrants are highly educated or have advanced language and job-related skills.
The 'employment gap' – the difference in rates of employment - between EU-nationals born in their country and immigrants varies widely across Europe. In 2016, there was a 30.1 percentage point difference in Swedish employment rates between Swedish nationals born in the country and immigrants, with a higher percentage of the former in employment. In the same year in the Czech Republic, the employment rate was 3.8 percentage points higher among immigrants than Czech nationals born in the country.
These findings are the result of a study on 'Patterns of immigrants’ integration in European labour markets', which explores the employment trends in EU Member States to help build a knowledge base for policies designed to maximise integration in the labour markets.
The report used clusters of countries identified in the OECD-EU Settling In report to identify similar patterns in terms of employment gaps:
It's generally accepted that education and skills are central to an individual's job prospects. The report looked at these factors and others, finding that:
The report comes from the European Commission's Knowledge Centre on Migration and Demography and explores employment integration trends in the context of a contribution to the European Semester, a process which always includes a focus on employment policies.
The EU has set a target to increase the employment rate of 20 to 64 year-olds to at least 75% by 2020. This could be done notably through the greater involvement of women, older workers and the better integration of migrants in the workforce. With around 35 million people born outside the EU now living legally in EU Member States, maximising the potential of immigrants to integrate in the job market will be vital to achieving this target, in particular in Member States where they represent a significant proportion of the working age population.