We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
The State of the Climate in 2017 reports that last year was the third-warmest year on record (after 2016 and 2015), and that the planet also experienced record-high greenhouse gas concentrations as well as rises in sea level.
The annual assessment is an international, peer-reviewed report giving a summary of the global climate.
It is published as a supplement to the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.
The report is based on the contributions of more than 500 scientists from around the world, including the JRC.
It provides a detailed update on global climate indicators, notable weather events, and other data collected by environmental monitoring stations and instruments located on land, water, ice, and in space.
The main function of the report is to document the status and trajectory of many components of the climate system.
However, as a series, it also documents the status and trajectory of our capacity and commitment to observe the climate system.
JRC scientists co-edited the overview of a chapter on "Global Climate".
Notable findings from the international report include:
The EU tracks progress on cutting emissions through regular monitoring and reporting.
This includes an annual assessment of global greenhouse gas emissions using the JRC's Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR).
The EU recently put in place legislation to reduce emissions by at least 40% by 2030 – which is part of the EU's 2030 climate and energy framework and contribution to the Paris Agreement. This includes:
In addition, the Commission recently put forward the third Mobility Package to complete the EU agenda for safe, clean and connected mobility.