We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
The JRC will webstream its upcoming international conference ‘Scientific Support for Food Security and Global Governance’ to make it available to a wider audience. The one day event will take place on 28 September, at the Charlemagne building of the European Commission in Brussels. It focusses on how research, technology and innovation can contribute to food for all, thus contributing to efforts to alleviate recurrent food insecurity, particularly in developing countries.
Čajkovskij and Tchaikovsky: is it the same person? NATO and OTAN: are we talking about the same organisation? Many doubts will be cleared with JRC-Names, the new software for automatic name recognition developed by the JRC.
For the first time, the JRC exhibited at Ireland's largest agricultural fair, the National Ploughing Championships, held from 20 to 22 September in Dublin. With over 1,000 exhibitors and an attendance of estimated 200,000 participants, this event covered a spectrum of agri-related activities from forestry and renewable energy to animal husbandry and food/feed safety.
The European Commission and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) agreed on Wednesday 21 September to promote the use of the same software tool and the same taxonomy (common categorisation scheme) to report all aviation accidents and incidents in the world. The software ECCAIRS, developed by the JRC, is in use within the EU since 2005. It facilitates the collection and exchange of accident and incident information among different organisations from different countries, as well as the analysis of safety data originating from a multitude of sources, thus improving the aviation safety in the European skies. ECCAIRS stands for European Co-ordination Centre for Accident and Incident Reporting Systems
Global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) – the main cause of global warming – increased by 45 % between 1990 and 2010, reaching an all-time high of 33 billion tonnes in 2010. These findings were published on Wednesday 21 September in the report "Long-term trend in global CO2 emissions", prepared by the JRC's Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) and PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.
The JRC's Institute for Energy and Transport co-organised an international conference, Energy Efficiency in Motor Driven Systems (EEMODS 2011) in Alexandria (Virginia, USA) on 12-14 September. The conference dealt with energy efficiency in electric motor systems, which can result in significant energy savings in industrial applications.
Europe's most important event in Photovoltaic solar energy – the European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition – for which JRC provided the technical coordination took place in Hamburg this week and attracted more than 4,000 delegates. More than 1,500 oral and visual scientific presentations were made during the conference, which was chaired by Heinz Ossenbrink of the JRC's Institute for Energy and Transport (JRC-IET).
The 2011 JRC PV Status Report indicates that the photovoltaic (PV) industry production more than doubled in 2010, thus reaching a world-wide production volume of 23.5 gigawatts (GW) of photovoltaic modules. It is a more than 500-fold growth compared to 1990 when the global production amounted to 46 megawatts (MW). Such increase makes the photovoltaics one of the fastest-growing industries at present.
In a recent legislation proposal, the European Commission envisaged technological improvements for a mandatory recorder of professional drivers’ activities known as tachograph. The proposal takes into account the findings and recommendations emerging from several JRC studies.