We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
The JRC and the Centre for Earth Observation and Digital Earth of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS-CEODE) have successfully performed a joint experiment in which they have applied JRC algorithms to data from the Chinese satellite sensor CBERS-2B. About half a million square kilometres of Chinese territory (an area of approximately the same size as Spain) were successfully analysed by the automatic image information extraction system of the JRC’s Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (IPSC), which was able to detect and map man made constructions.
New online maps, released on 26 May, allow Europeans for the first time to pinpoint the sources of air pollution. The set of 32 maps, published by the European Commission and the European Environment Agency (EEA), was developed in close cooperation with the JRC. The maps show the concentration of certain pollutants such as nitrogen oxides and particulate matter in relation to the diffuse sources.
The 6th International Conference for Energy Efficiency in Domestic Appliances and Lighting (EEDAL), co-organised by the JRC and the Danish Energy Association, was held in Copenhagen, Denmark, 24 - 26 May.
The JRC participated for the first time in Jugend forscht, the biggest youth science and technology competition in Europe which had a record participation of 10,677 this year.
EU's ministers for justice and home affairs agreed to promote the use of early flood warning systems such as the European Flood Alert System (EFAS), when discussing integrated flood management at the Council meeting on 12 May.
On 14 May 2011, the JRC organised and hosted its biggest event since its foundation. 10,292 people turned up at the JRC Ispra site to look at, and actively engage in, over 80 activities which showcased the JRC's work to serve society, stimulate innovation and support EU legislation. The curiosity shown by the thousands of enthusiastic visitors reflected their interest both in the JRC and in science and technology in general.
The JRC and Kyoto University recently agreed to strengthen co-operation aimed at limiting the impact of natural disasters on the population and on critical infrastructures. The agreement was signed by the JRC’s Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (IPSC) and the Disaster Prevention Research Institute (DPRI) of Kyoto University.
The EU leads research in the field innovation in plant breeding, but still lags behind in patenting the resulting technologies, a JRC study reveals. The report notes that 45 % of peer-reviewed scientific research publications in the field worldwide are produced in the EU, followed by North America with 32 %. On the other hand, 65 % of the total patenting of resulting technologies is carried out by US-based institutions. Twenty six percent of patents are registered by EU-based institutions.
This report provides an overview of the activities, accomplishments and resources related to the JRC's work carried out during 2010 and includes figures on staff, budget and publications.