The JRC recently published a paper highlighting the importance of free open-access satellite data for biodiversity conservation.
A new report provides guidelines for a correct sample preparation during GMO analysis on food, feed, seed, plants and propagating material samples. Sample preparation, a key step between sampling and analysis, has so far suffered from a lack of guidance and harmonisation. The new guidelines provide details and practical hints which will contribute to foster harmonised test results in the official controls conducted by National Reference Laboratories (NRLs).
The European Union Reference Laboratory (EURL) on Heavy Metals (HM) organised two proficiency tests (PTs) to assess the capability of laboratories to determine cadmium, lead, arsenic, mercury and inorganic arsenic in mushrooms. Results show that arsenic and inorganic arsenic remain a challenge for a significant number of laboratories.
Today's adoption by the OECD of two new test guidelines will contribute to reducing the number of animals currently used worldwide to identify chemicals with the potential to trigger skin allergies. The new JRC recommended test methods will support the identification of chemicals that can lead to allergic contact dermatitis (ACD), one of the most common occupational diseases. Skin allergies are a growing health problem and are estimated to affect already 20% of the population in Europe.
A recent JRC report reviews the literature on the concept of well-being, and describes a method that can provide an integrated description of well-being across Europe. The authors measure well-being using 12 indicators available from Eurostat for all European regions. A map of regional well-being in Europe was elaborated based on the performance of each indicator for each region with respect to the EU average. Based on the criteria used in the study, the map highlights discrepancies in levels of well-being across Europe.
The JRC produced the contents of the joint FAO-JRC e-learning course entitled: “Remotely Sensed Information for Crop Monitoring and Food Security - Techniques and methods for arid and semi-arid areas”, which is part of the EU-FAO Programme on "Improved Global Governance for Hunger Reduction".
The first MARS Bulletin of 2015, published today, reports that winter cereals have shown little or no hardening in much of Europe, which may leave them susceptible to frost-kill damage in the event of a heavy frost.
The radionuclide 209Po is the principal radiochemical tracer used worldwide to monitor polonium, an element known for its high chemical and radiological toxicity. Measurements performed in the radionuclide metrology laboratory of the JRC show that the reference value of the 209Po half-life used over the last 50 years is in error by 20%.
When asked, children under the age of eight cannot show comprehension of what the internet is and what being online means even if their favourite activities are gaming and video watching on various Wi-Fi connected devices.