We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
A first-time analysis finds that key enabling technologies (KETs) – such as nano electronics or industrial biotechnologies – directly boost EU regions’ growth, particularly those which lag behind in innovation.
The health of the oceans and coastal seas is vital for the future well-being of Europe, and globally. Livelihoods of 3 billion people worldwide are linked to marine and coastal biodiversity. A new report by the European Academies Science Advisory Council (EASAC) and the JRC stresses the importance of integrated management of marine and coastal resources to promote their conservation and sustainable use in an equitable way.
A 2°C rise in global temperature is still expected to lead to a significant increase in floods and droughts in many regions of Europe, particularly in southern Europe, Ireland and the UK.
An evaluation carried out by the European Commission of the impact of ten pieces of the most relevant EU legislation on petroleum refining shows that the legislation has delivered its objectives and that the costs can be considered proportionate relative to the benefits achieved.
Thanks to tracking data of fishing vessels, it is possible to derive information about the fishing habits of coastal communities and to know, for example, which are the areas where they fish more frequently. This information is crucial to tailor policy and management strategies to boost blue growth.
Electrification of road transport can reduce oil dependency, CO₂ emissions and urban air pollution. To date, most attention has been paid to the use of electric cars; however bicycles and motorcycles can represent an untapped potential in urban areas if deployed on a larger scale. A JRC co-authored article written in cooperation with the Utrecht University and the University of Geneva has evaluated the environmental, economic and social performance of electric bikes and motorcycles.
The JRC and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) have now concluded a comprehensive agreement to further scientific and technical exchange and increase the knowledge and capabilities of the JRC and the USGS in the field of earth sciences.
According to a new JRC study, 23 out of the 28 EU countries have implemented the European Technical Standards (Eurocodes) for buildings and other civil engineering works.
A JRC report analysed driving patterns of both conventional and electric vehicles in the EU. Findings show that most of them (more than 80%) drive less than 65 km per day, which could be covered by a single charge.
Targeted alpha therapy has the potential to selectively eliminate HIV infected cells from the central nervous system, according to a recent study co-authored by the JRC.