We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
The ‘digital transformation’ originally affected companies that mainly operated in ICT-related sectors, but it now touches all aspects of our economies and societies.
This is reflected in a new JRC-OECD report, which finds that the largest industrial R&D investors play a leading role in the development of digital technologies. These investors own about 75% of global ICT-related patents, while only 25% of them actually operate in the ICT sector.
According to the latest Annual Economic Report, the overall economic performance of the EU fleet improved again in 2015.
While still marginally profitable in 2009, the EU fleet registered record-high net profits of EUR 798 million in 2015, and estimates for 2016 and 2017 point towards further profitability gains. However, the report also confirms that economic performance stagnates where fleets depend on stocks which are still subject to overfishing or overexploitation.
New standards on resources and emissions will help national authorities across the EU to lower the environmental impact of around 3 500 large combustion plants.