We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
The JRC Institute for Transuranium Elements (ITU) has been involved in the determination of the phonon dispersion curves of single crystalline PuCoGa5 samples by inelastic X-ray scattering (IXS) at room temperature. This was done at the European Synchrotron in Grenoble (ESRF). The understanding of the superconductor PuCoGa5 physical properties will allow advances in the global understanding of unconventional superconductivity.
The GlobCover is an initiative of the European Space Agency (ESA) that was launched in 2004. The GlobCover initiative develops a service for the generation of a global land cover map for the year 2005 at 300 m resolution (from the MERIS sensor onboard the ENVISAT satellite. The project is led by an international network of partners including the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC), the European Environmental Agency (EEA), the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) and the Global Observations of Forest Cover and Global Observations of Land Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD).
On today's European Consumer Day, following the motto "Know Your Rights, Use Your Rights", the European Commission recalls that consumers through their choices are the force that drives the market. This year's campaign is an appeal to consumers to take power back in their hands, to get informed and to use their power of comparison and of choice.
The JRC Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) was today awarded a triple integrated International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) certification. Performed by TÜV NORD CERT (Germany), the inspections leading to the certifications highlight the excellence of IRMM's overall management system in meeting stringent international standards.
The European Commission is organising a selection procedure to fill one administrator post (temporary contract) as technical manager in the JRC's Decommissioning Programme, Nuclear Decommissioning and Facilities Management Unit in Ispra (Italy).
The European Commission has published three working documents describing the current state in the offshore government activities in the coastal EU Member States and maritime surveillance at EU level. These documents are seen as an initial response to the aim of the integrated EU Integrated Maritime Policy to provide tools for joined-up policy-making in the EU.
The first international system for forecasting Danube floods and providing early flood warning was launched today by the International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR) and the Joint Research Centre.
The JRC Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS) is a partner in the organisation of the ninth edition of the Bled Forum on Europe, a scientific event involving NGO's, governmental bodies, research institutions and the business sector. This year's edition intends to identify some of the key challenges posed by climate change and to put forward internationally coordinated responses to the identified challenges.
The European Commission adopted today a package of measures aimed at improving transport connections between the European Union and its neighbours. It proposed a mandate in view to negotiate a Transport Community Treaty with the Western Balkans and reported on the good progress in the exploratory talks that followed the adoption of the "Guidelines for transport in Europe and neighbouring regions".
The European Commission has adopted a Communication on reinforcing the Union's Disaster Response capacity. In order to respond to the growing challenges posed by natural and man-made disasters, the communication proposes that the European Union strengthens its abilities at home and abroad to provide civil protection and humanitarian assistance. The Commission has undertaken a screening exercise of all its existing resources and puts forward as a first step an action plan of specific measures to be implemented before the end of 2008. As a concrete example, the communication includes a specific focus on how to improve the Union's response to forest fires.
The JRC is supporting the EU's disaster response and civil protection activities in many areas. The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) is one of the cornerstones of this action plan. EFFIS, managed by the JRC Institute for Environment ans Sustainability (IES), provides the fire danger forecast (currently up to 6 days forecast) during the fire season helping in improving preparedness for forest fire fighting. In addition, EFFIS monitors the forest fire situation in Europe through the provision of information of active fires (hot spots) and the rapid assessment of forest fire damages in the countries. This information is critical for the Member States and the Commission in cases of catastrophic fire events (e.g. Portugal 2003 or Greece 2007) and facilitates the work of the Union's Monitoring and Information Center in is work of coordination of forest fire fighting.
The JRC IES also develops the European Flood Alert System (EFAS), that will be capable of providing medium-range flood simulations across Europe with a lead-time (time between the detection and the arrival of the flood) of between 3 to 10 days.
With its expertise in satellite images analysis and information technologies, the JRC Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (IPSC) is conducting several activities to provide scientific and technical support in crisis situations. IPSC's work supports different phases, from crisis preparedness to damage assessment, including also early warning, alerting and situational monitoring. Some recent examples of IPSC's activities in support to Crisis Management are: