We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
A co-operation agreement signed today in Brussels will advance scientific co-operation and the development of international standards in the field of food and feed safety.
It may come as a surprise to many, but the precise manner in which the flu is transmitted from person to person remains unknown. The prevailing view is that large droplets expelled during coughing or sneezing are chiefly responsible for transmitting the disease. But coughing and sneezing also produces fine droplets that can remain airborne for extended periods of time and the role of these small particles has been particularly contentious among influenza researchers.
During their eighth Accident Investigation and Prevention Divisional meeting, held in Montreal at the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) from 13 to 18 October 2008, safety experts from all over the world have put forth a series of recommendations aimed at improving aircraft accident and incident investigations. ECCAIRS, a tool developed by the JRC Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (IPSC) for collecting, sharing and analyzing aviation safety information, has been recommended for operating occurrence databases in all ICAO's Member States.
The first edition of the JRC Newsletter has been published today. The purpose of this new monthly publication is to provide customers, stakeholders and staff, along with anyone interested in who we are and what we do, with a selection of recent highlights from scientific achievements, support to European policy making, contributions to scientific events and other news of interest. This initiative will hopefully contribute both to an increasing awareness of the JRC and greater understanding of its very special role in providing science and technology advice to policy makers and the JRC's customers in general.
On 29 October, a delegation of the European Parliament's ITRE Committee (Industry, Research and Energy) visited the Ispra site of the JRC. The delegation consisted of 7 MEPs, 3 Political Advisors and 2 staff from the ITRE secretariat. The objective of this visit was threefold:
Negotiators at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) are examining a major forestry issue relevant for the post-Kyoto agreement: the Reducing of Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation in developing countries, also called the REDD mechanism.
The European Commission has put forward a revision of EU rules on deposit protection that puts into action commitments made at the last EU Finance Ministers meeting on 7 October 2008. The new rules are designed to improve depositor protection and to maintain the confidence of depositors in the financial safety net and the proposals are largely based on the work done in this field by the JRC's Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (IPSC).
The 2008 EU R&D Industrial Investment Scoreboard is now available. R&D investment by EU companies has increased by 8.8% according to the report, published today. This compares to an increase of 8.6% in investment by American companies.
The Green Paper on agricultural product quality adopted today by the European Commission aims to open a debate on how to help European farmers maximise the quality of the food and drink they produce and better respond to consumer demands. As globalisation brings about pressure from low cost products produced overseas and as consumer tastes evolve, Europe's most potent weapon is "quality".
The JRC's European Reference Laboratory for Air Pollution (ERLAP), part of the JRC Institute for Environment and Sustainability in Ispra, Italy, has completed an inter-laboratory comparative study (intercomparison) of air quality reference laboratories and public health institutes in Serbia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Lithuania, Cyprus, Italy, Luxembourg and the City of Amsterdam.