We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
A recent report by the JRC on transmission network planning and grid controlling underlines that a radical change, in coordinated network planning and operation, is needed to accommodate market liberalisation and the increasing integration of renewable power sources. Smarter power grids have a central role in moving Europe towards a low carbon energy economy, as underlined by the European Union's Strategic Energy Technology Plan Information System (SETIS) , led by the JRC.
The recent JRC review of existing methods for transmission planning and for grid connection of wind power plants is state of the art in this field and leads the way for future developments. The report’s findings and recommendations include:
The European Commission has today released IUCLID 5 as part of its preparation for REACH and the new European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). It is a key software application essential for chemical industry to comply with the new legislation, which entered into force on 1 June 2007. The freely downloadable tool will assist chemical companies globally in fulfilling their obligation to submit data to the Agency under the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) legislation from 1 June 2008.
A recent assessment carried out by the JRC estimates that water erodes 970 million tonnes of soil every year in the EU.
A new report published by the JRC and the European Environment Agency shows that the main soil degradation processes are accelerating in many parts of Europe, often as a result of human activities.
A new study published in the journal Nature Communications shows that the type of soil used can often outweigh the effects of weather variability - such as year to year changes in rainfall and temperature.
JRC experts co-authored and contributed extensively to the European soil thematic briefing of the European Environment State and Outlook 2015 Report (SOER 2015).
The JRC and the European Commission's Directorate General for Agriculture and Rural Development today present the main findings of the two-year "SoCo" (Sustainable Agriculture and Soil Conservation) project at a policy seminar in Brussels. The meeting is to be attended by representatives from government ministries in EU Member States, farming, industrial and environmental organisations and academia.
The JRC's Institute for Energy (IE) today publishes its eighth Annual Photovoltaics Status Report. The report notes that global production of photovoltaic (PV) solar modules and panels increased to about 7.3 gigawatts (GW) in 2008, representing an 80% increase on the previous year.
A failed 2016 rainy season linked to the climate phenomenon La Niña, combined with exceptionally warm sea surface temperatures in the western Pacific and eastern Indian Oceans, have led to extreme drought in the Horn of Africa and a more intense drought than that of 2010 in Somalia. These extreme weather conditions, combined with factors including high food prices, trade disruption, population displacement and insecurity, are likely to have a very severe impact on the food security of millions of people in the coming months.
The Space Weather Awareness Dialogue, a conference co-organized by the JRC and Directorate –General Enterprise and Industry, was held on 25-26th October 2011 in Brussels. Key stakeholders from the public and private sectors discussed the potential impact of extreme space weather events on modern technological infrastructures in space and on the ground.