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JRC News

Graph Horizon Report Europe: 2014 Schools Edition outlines key trends, challenges and technological developments that are likely to have an impact on school education systems.
©EU / The New Media Consortium, 2014
Oct 02 2014

Low digital skills and competences among school pupils and the need to integrate effective use of information and communication technologies into teacher training are among the most pressing challenges faced by European school education today.

Backlit smoke rising from a factory's chimney Emissions of air pollutants have negative impacts on human health, food
©EU, 2011 - Photo: B.Scheeren
Jan 13 2012

A scientific paper published today by Science shows that a limited number of air quality measures can substantially mitigate global warming and have significant benefits for human health and agriculture. Together with twelve partners from all over the world, including UNEP, NASA and the Stockholm Environment Institute, JRC scientists identified 14 emission control measures that can best help to limit global warming and improve health and food security in the coming decades.

fish market Fish Market in Scotland
©Erik Lindebo, 2007
May 31 2012

A recent scientific paper published in Nature Communications demonstrates that it is possible to determine with high accuracy from which particular local population a fish comes from, for example if a herring comes from the Northeast Atlantic or North Sea, a sole from the Irish Sea or the Belgian Coast. This study, which emerged from the FP7 funded project FishPopTrace, shows that by using a particular kind of genetic marker, so called Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs), it is possible to distinguish with unprecedented levels of accuracy between populations of marine fish. This breakthrough is likely to revolutionise origin assignment of marine fish and fish products.

an image of the globe with digits on it Digital Earth as seen by JRC scientist Stephen Peedell
©Stephen Peedell, EU, 2012
Jun 22 2012

A recent paper, co-authored by JRC scientists and published in the Proceedings of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, assesses the achievement of the first generation of Digital Earth virtual globes and envisages future developments.

Forest-covered land is increasing in Europe Forest-covered land is increasing in Europe
©Fotolia apfelweile
Jul 27 2017
The area of soils covered with trees and artificial surfaces is increasing in Europe, while arable land areas are declining. Sparsely vegetated areas are the most vulnerable to soil loss.
Boy looking at cherries on a tree Improving child nutrition, teaching healthy diet and lifestyle habits as well as reducing or preventing childhood obesity are the primary general goals shared by most countries.
©EU, 2013
Jul 16 2014

Childhood obesity is a growing problem with nearly one in three children in Europe being overweight. With the first comprehensive assessment of school food policies in Europe, the JRC has made an important contribution to the European Commission's efforts to address this issue.

Urban policies increasingly use urban green infrastructure and nature-based solutions in their planning process. Urban policies increasingly use urban green infrastructure and nature-based solutions in their planning process.
©Simone Manfredi
Aug 02 2016

Scientific knowledge of urban ecosystems can support urban planning at different stages of policy and for various spatial scales; hence it can help policy-making for sustainable cities, a pilot study shows. It has produced a harmonised indicator framework which can be applied to other cities.

Nearly 70% of the population in sub-Saharan Africa does not have access to electricity - approximately 621 million people. Nearly 70% of the population in sub-Saharan Africa does not have access to electricity - approximately 621 million people.
©EU, credit: C.Gardi
Sep 19 2016
A transformation of poorly used or unexploited energy infrastructure could represent lower-cost opportunities for investors and ensure access to sustainably generated electricity, according to a JRC paper published today in Nature Energy.
graph EIS 2008: country groups: innovation performance per dimension
Jan 23 2009

The 2008 European Innovation Scoreboard (EIS) published on 22 January shows the EU making substantial progress in its innovation performance preceding the financial crisis. The "innovation gap" between the EU and both the US and Japan was reduced, thanks in particular to progress made by many new Member States such as Cyprus, Romania and Bulgaria. Across the EU, particular progress was made in human resources and the availability of finance for innovation. However, innovative investments by businesses are still relatively weak, especially when compared to the US and Japan.

Withering crops in the summer heat Due to excessive heat and little or no rain, yield forecasts for summer crops at the EU-28 level remain low
©EU, 2015
Sep 22 2015

A heat wave in late August and lack of rainfall have worsened the yield outlook for summer crops in large parts of central Europe.