JRC-IRMM has released Application Note 6 on the correct use of ERM certificates and materials.
Despite a general improvement in education and training performance in the EU, progress is too slow, which means that the majority of the reform targets set for 2010 will not be reached. This is the main conclusion from the 'Commission Progress Report towards the Lisbon Objectives in Education and Training - Indicators and Benchmarks 2009'. This annual report, co-authored by scientists of the JRC's Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (IPSC) - Centre for Research on Lifelong Learning (CRELL), looks at Member States' progress towards five key benchmarks in education and training for 2010.
If the climate expected in the 2080s occurred today, the EU would face yearly GDP losses between €20 and €65 billion, depending on the temperature increase in Europe (2.5°C to 5.4°C). This is one of the forecasts of the final report of the PESETA study, published today by the JRC Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS). The PESETA study also looked at different regional impacts of climate change across the EU. Damages would occur mainly in Southern and Central Europe, while Northern Europe would be the sole region to benefit, in economic terms and for the aspects studied, from climate change.
Nature's capacity to provide vital services and functions such as freshwater, benign climate and natural ecosystems for recreational activities is often cheaper to sustain than having to invest in technological solutions to compensate for lost functions. Protecting and restoring biodiversity is also an essential step in the transition to a more sustainable economy and protecting ecosystems can be a very cost effective measure to this purpose. This is confirmed by a report to policy makers presented by The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) project, a major independent global study providing an economic angle to an environmental topic.
The rapid growth of web 2.0, or social computing, allows users to play an influential role in the way commercial and public products and services are shaped. The report "The impact of Social Computing on the EU Information Society and Economy", published today by the JRC Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS), finds that in 2008, 41% of EU Internet users were engaged in social computing activities through Social Networking Sites (SNS), blogs, photo and video sharing, online multi-player games and collaborative platforms for content creation and sharing. This percentage rises to 64% if users aged under 24 only are considered.
The 2009 EU R&D Industrial Investment Scoreboard is now available. Worldwide corporate R&D investment has increased by 6.9% in spite of the economic crisis, according to the report. With an 8.1% increase, the R&D investment growth of EU companies, defined as companies having headquarters within the EU, is significantly higher than US ones for the second year, at 5.7%, and Japanese ones, at 4.4%.
A new test protocol for non-road mobile machinery (NRMM), developed by scientists at the JRC Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) in cooperation with experts from the United States and Japan, has been adopted as a global technical regulation by the United Nation’s Economic Commission for Europe (UN-ECE) World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29).
The European Commission has opened a public consultation in order to receive input from all people and organisations involved or interested in nanosciences and nanotechnologies research in Europe, and notably researchers, policy makers, industry, media and civil society organisations.
Improving tax procedures for cross-border trading of securities could raise European GDP by more than 37 billion Euro over a ten-year period. This is the key finding of a study jointly carried out by the JRC's Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (IPSC) and the Commission's Directorate General Internal Market and Services which analyses the costs and benefits of the proposals made by the EU Clearing and Settlement Fiscal Compliance Experts Group (FISCO) for improving and simplifying withholding tax relief procedures.
A new project has been launched which will bring together European and Turkish experts in measurement science. The JRC Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) will work with scientists from the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜB0TAK) and the Turkish Atomic Energy Authority (TAEK).