We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
The 2010 EU R&D Industrial Investment Scoreboard is now available. R&D investment by top EU companies fell by 2.6% in 2009, even though sales and profits fell much more, by 10.1% and 21.0% respectively. The fall in R&D investment by leading players in the US, at 5.1%, was twice as sharp as in the EU, but the worldwide reduction was lower, at 1.9%. Japanese firms maintained their level of investment. Companies based elsewhere in Asia - China, India, Hong Kong, South Korea and Taiwan - continued the high R&D growth seen in previous years. Japanese car maker Toyota is the world's biggest R&D investor (€6.8bn) for the second consecutive year. Three EU companies feature in the top ten: Volkswagen, the biggest investor based in Europe with €5.8bn, Nokia and Sanofi-Aventis. The Scoreboard covers the top 1400 companies worldwide.
Energy-saving efforts in ten new and refurbished buildings in 6 European countries (Austria, Germany, Sweden, Netherlands, Poland, Denmark) have today been recognised with the European Commission's GreenBuilding Awards.
On 6 June 2017, SKY, ENGIE, and Facebook received the 2017 EU Code of Conduct Award for Energy Efficiency in Data Centres. The ceremony took place during the Datacloud Conference in Monte Carlo, one of the largest conferences dedicated to data centres in Europe.
The Code of Conduct is an independent scheme in the EU to certify that a data centre has adopted energy efficiency best practices. Data centres measure their energy efficiency in Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE). The ideal value is 1 PUE, but the average PUE value is around 2.0.
In the spring of 2017, the JRC will organise the next edition of its Resonances Art & Science Festival and Exhibition, and is looking for artists to take part in a preparatory workshop in August 2016.
A 2°C rise in global temperature is still expected to lead to a significant increase in floods and droughts in many regions of Europe, particularly in southern Europe, Ireland and the UK.
The Karlsruhe Nuclide Chart, a form of extended periodic table of the elements that displays all known atoms of any element and their radioactive data, is 50 years old today. To celebrate the occasion, the JRC Institute for Transuranium Elements (ITU) in Karlsruhe is hosting selected guests including Members of European Parliament, politicians and Nobel prizes laureates, for a discussion of its history and use since its creation in 1958. The event will also serve as the launch of a book specially prepared for the chart's anniversary.
Forest fragmentation is the process of breaking up forest area into individual patches leading to an increase in forest edge length and to isolation of forest fragments. In Europe, this is mainly caused by human activities such as clearing for roads, agriculture and urban settlements or forest fires.
Experts from medicine, biology, chemistry and physics gathered in Berlin on 18 and 19 July for the 7th Symposium on Targeted Alpha Therapy, organised by the JRC's Institute for Transuranium Elements (ITU) and engineering company Eckert & Ziegler Eurotope GmbH.
The JRC and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) have issued a call to scientists and policy-makers for integrity, openness, clarity and public engagement. Representatives from both organisations made the plea on 3 July at a session of Euroscience Open Forum 2010 in Turin, Italy. The recommendations reflect the findings of a workshop last fall at the JRC’s Ispra site where 21 high-profile science and technology leaders gathered to discuss the use and misuse of science in policy-making. The specialists, each with pertinent experience in real-life scientific support to policy-making, offered advice on best practices and pitfalls in science policy on both sides of the Atlantic.
A JRC report on research, development and demonstration (R,D&D) projects on electric cars in the EU, with a total budget of €1.9 billion (65% from public funding), finds that increased exchange of information and more coordination between projects would result in a better leverage of the investments. The report "Paving the way to electrified road transport – Publicly funded research, development, and demonstration projects on electric and plug-in cars in Europe", lists more than 320 projects covering the period 2007-2015 which received EU or national public funding, and with a total budget of more than €1 million.