We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
More than 113 million people across 53 countries experienced acute hunger requiring urgent food, nutrition and livelihoods assistance in 2018, according to a new report published today in Brussels.
Developing countries will be the worst hit by heatwaves caused by global warming. Heatwave risk and socioeconomic impacts will be significantly reduced for both developing and developed countries if global warming is limited to below 1.5°C.
On 11 September 2018, the United Nations released its 2018 report on the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World.
The second part of the report uses JRC research to establish a link between climate variability, food security and nutrition .
Number of undernourished people on the rise, partly due to climate trends
According to the report, in 2017 the number of undernourished people increased for the second year in a row, to 821 million, after decreasing for more than 10 years previously.
The Global Report on Food Crises, presented on 22 March 2018 in Rome, indicates that major risks of famine were averted in 2017 in the four countries that were declared at risk in early 2017: Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan and North Nigeria.
However, it also highlights the severity and the complexity of food crises around the world.
A study just published by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) in Nature Climate Change shows that soils can be a net sink of greenhouse gases through increased storage of organic carbon.
However, unless the use of fertilisers is adjusted to balance additional nitrogen inputs, any climate change mitigation benefit may be offset through higher nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from soil.
Plants absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and stabilise it in the soil.
Soil erosion costs European countries €1.25 billion in annual agricultural productivity loss and €155 million in the gross domestic product (GDP) loss, according to a JRC new study.
Soil erosion is the biggest threat to soil fertility and productivity, but the consequences do not stop there.
A recent JRC study combined biophysical and macroeconomic models to determine direct and macroeconomic costs of soil erosion, and the results are striking.