Background and study purpose
The JRC has released a new strategy on how to replace, reduce and refine the use of fish in testing of chemicals’ effect on flora and fauna in water (aquatic toxicity) and chemicals’ uptake and concentration in living organisms (bioaccumulation). Out of the 11.5 million animals used for experimental purposes in the EU (2011 data), cold blooded animals, namely reptiles, amphibians and fish represent 12.4%. In the case of specific testing for toxicological safety assessment, fish represent 18% of the one million animals used.
The European Union Reference Laboratory for Alternatives to Animal Testing (EURL ECVAM) of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre has just released a strategy on how to reduce, refine and ultimately avoid the use of animals for acute mammalian systemic toxicity testing. The strategic aims and associated objectives identified are intended to progress the field on multiple fronts and to provide a framework for prioritisation of alternative methods submitted for validation.
How can research in food and diets address how we will live and eat in 2050? By supporting the move towards individualised diets; by ensuring the sustainability of the future food system; by improving our understanding of links between food, nutrients and health; and by focusing on integrated policy-making. These are the main findings of a new foresight report that will support work done under Horizon 2020, the EU's Funding Programme for Research and Innovation for 2014-2020.
The report "Assessment of Mixtures – Review of Regulatory requirements and Guidance" provides an up to date overview of EU regulations and risk assessment regimes and requirements regarding potential mixtures effects.
Experts in school food from all over Europe were brought back to the classroom by the JRC to learn from each other's policies and experiences and discuss how to utilise schools as catalysts for better health. Ensuring child health is of the utmost importance. Not only does it address the immediate needs of a vulnerable population group, but it also lays the foundation for future well-being.
The World Standards Day, celebrated internationally on 14 October, puts the focus on the benefits of standards and harmonised measurements for global and regional economies, as well as for societies. Around 70% of the JRC work is related in one way or another to standardisation. Our scientists provide scientific and technical support in a range of areas from environmental monitoring to critical infrastructure protection, and from food and feed safety to nuclear safety and security.