We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
The ‘digital transformation’ originally affected companies that mainly operated in ICT-related sectors, but it now touches all aspects of our economies and societies.
This is reflected in a new JRC-OECD report, which finds that the largest industrial R&D investors play a leading role in the development of digital technologies. These investors own about 75% of global ICT-related patents, while only 25% of them actually operate in the ICT sector.
What type of support do EU countries offer firms to foster their creation and growth? Are the existing ecosystems comparable across the EU? Could EU countries learn from each other? These were the main questions posed in a research project on Entrepreneurship and Scale-up Indices (ESIS), the results of which have just been published by the JRC.
These country reports provide a wealth of knowledge by detailing the policy developments in the R&I area at national level, analysing the level of public and private funding for R&D.
Multinational companies choose to locate to countries with greater market potential, head-start opportunities, and openness to trade, but worry less about taxes or the costs of starting a business.
Adopting innovative technological solutions – currently in early research phase – instead of following a conservative technology development path could slash the direct greenhouse gasses (GHG) emissions of aluminium production by 66% and reduce the associated energy consumption by 21%.
A first-time analysis finds that key enabling technologies (KETs) – such as nano electronics or industrial biotechnologies – directly boost EU regions’ growth, particularly those which lag behind in innovation.
CONCORDi 2015, JRC's biennial European Conference on Corporate R&D and Innovation, has put its focus on identifying sound evidence-based approaches to inform industrial research and innovation policies.