We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
Despite international efforts to address food insecurity, around 108 million people in the world were severely food insecure in 2016, a dramatic increase compared with 80 million in 2015, according to a new global report on food crises released in Brussels on 31 March 2017.
A failed 2016 rainy season linked to the climate phenomenon La Niña, combined with exceptionally warm sea surface temperatures in the western Pacific and eastern Indian Oceans, have led to extreme drought in the Horn of Africa and a more intense drought than that of 2010 in Somalia. These extreme weather conditions, combined with factors including high food prices, trade disruption, population displacement and insecurity, are likely to have a very severe impact on the food security of millions of people in the coming months.
Following a visit to the JRC, Commissioner for Agriculture & Rural Development, Phil Hogan, expressed confidence that increased use of satellite technology can help Member States to significantly increase the efficiency of on-the-spot checks necessary for CAP payments.
A new study published in the journal Nature Communications shows that the type of soil used can often outweigh the effects of weather variability - such as year to year changes in rainfall and temperature.
The JRC and the US-based International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) have signed a collaborative research arrangement on building up the resilience of vulnerable and poor populations, and improving the livelihood of smallholder farmers in developing countries.
The EU’s commitments to address the greatest humanitarian crises of our time will be supported by a series of Commission tools and platforms, some of which were developed by the JRC or in cooperation with partner organisations.