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JRC News

Sentinel-1 GHSL output (blue) compared to Landsat GHSL ouptut (red) over Amsterdam.
©EU, 2017
Jan 16 2017

In December 2016 the European Commission’s Joint Research Center (JRC) successfully completed the first experiment of Sentinel 1 global data processing in the frame of the JRC “Global Human Settlement Layer” scientific activities. The S1 GHSL experiment was supported by JRC Earth Observation Data and Processing Platform (JEODPP) developed in the context of the JRC “Big Data Pilot Project”.

Jan 13 2017
Scientists from the JRC Geel in Belgium have published a JRC-technical report contributing to the validation of the so-called "Cristallini” method for collecting sampling of UF6 at nuclear facilities for safeguards purposes.
Africa has seen the greatest increase in mobile phone subscriptions of all world regions, with an annual growth rate of 11% from 2010 to 2015 compared to 8% globally and 1% for Europe Africa has seen the greatest increase in mobile phone subscriptions of all world regions, with an annual growth rate of 11% from 2010 to 2015 compared to 8% globally and 1% for Europe
©Fotolia, Alistair Cotton
Jan 11 2017

Recent food crises have revealed the importance of timely, reliable and accessible food price information to monitor food security and to support informed policy decision-making, improved market transparency and more efficient value chains.

Jan 10 2017

The exponential decay of radionuclides as a function of time is a cornerstone of nuclear physics. Decay constants for spontaneous radioactive decay are considered invariable in time and space. This convenient trait allows projecting activity values to a point of time in the past or the future. The exponential-decay law has many applications, e.g. in nuclear dating for archaeology, geo- and cosmochronology, dosimetry in nuclear medicine, nuclear waste management, etc.

A blackboard with mathematics written on it in chalk Significant share of migrant human capital is underused, in particular migrants with higher levels of skills as they have lower employment rates than natives.
©Fotolia, Shawn Hempel
Jan 06 2017
First-generation migrants who arrive before the age of 15 and second-generation migrants overall perform better than the rest of first-generation migrants, sometimes nearly as well as their native counterparts.
Review on technology for the detection of biological toxins with potential bioterrorism relevance Review on technology for the detection of biological toxins with potential bioterrorism relevance
©M. Schuppich, Fotolia.com
Jan 06 2017

JRC scientists supported a review on the current status quo of the technology available for the detection of toxins with potential bioterrorism relevance. This work was carried out by partners of the European project EQuATox and was coordinated by the German Robert Koch Institute.

Assessing drug-induced cardiotoxicity in vitro Assessing drug-induced cardiotoxicity in vitro
©JRC, European Commission
Jan 05 2017
The JRC – hosting the European Reference Laboratory on Food Contact Materials – contributed to a study to showing the impact of the nature of food in its "attractiveness" to contaminants from plastic packaging. The focus was on the migration of the chemical compound benzophenone from low-density polyethylene. The study revealed how specific foods and packaging polymers interact (mathematics of transfer of components from packaging into foods) to better predict migration and ultimately exposure to chemicals from food contact materials.
A river flowing into a lake surrounded by green rushes In-stream nitrogen retention occurs at unsustainable levels for nearly all European countries, with the exception of Estonia, Finland, Norway and Sweden.
©Fotolia, shaiith
Jan 04 2017
Taking in-stream nitrogen retention as a proxy for water purification, the study estimates the actual value of the contribution of sustainable water bodies to human activities.
Assessing drug-induced cardiotoxicity in vitro Assessing drug-induced cardiotoxicity in vitro
©Sergey Nivens, Fotolia.com
Jan 04 2017

In a collaborative effort, the JRC and three European partner organisations gathered lacking knowledge necessary to develop predictive in vitro tests that can identify the risk for the development of cumulative dose-dependent cardiotoxicity of cancer patients treated with anthracyclines.

Making mercury measurements in food more reliable Making mercury measurements in food more reliable
©Foodcollection, corbisimages
Jan 03 2017

JRC scientists developed a new certified reference material (CRM) to improve the accuracy of methylmercury measurements in food. This CRM (ERM-AE671) consists of isotopically labelled methylmercury with certified values for the isotopic composition. Used as internal standard, it will make the measurements of methylmercury more accurate.

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