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JRC News

Soils can offset greenhouse gas emissions, but use of fertilisers can lead to increased N2O emissions from soil
©Africa Studio Adobe Stock.com
Mar 06 2018

A study just published by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) in Nature Climate Change shows that soils can be a net sink of greenhouse gases through increased storage of organic carbon.

However, unless the use of fertilisers is adjusted to balance additional nitrogen inputs, any climate change mitigation benefit may be offset through higher nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from soil.

Plants absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and stabilise it in the soil.

Soil erosion affects over 12 million hectares of land in the EU
©Tim Glass – Adobe Stock.com
Feb 27 2018

Soil erosion costs European countries €1.25 billion in annual agricultural productivity loss and €155 million in the gross domestic product (GDP) loss, according to a JRC new study.

Soil erosion is the biggest threat to soil fertility and productivity, but the consequences do not stop there.

A recent JRC study combined biophysical and macroeconomic models to determine direct and macroeconomic costs of soil erosion, and the results are striking. 

Several new soil parameters will be measured in the next soil survey
©279photo AdobeStock
Jan 05 2018
The JRC is ready to carry out the most comprehensive assessment of soil biodiversity across the continent.
According to a new study, almost 36 billion tons of soil is lost every year due to water
©lucag_g – stock.adobe.com
Dec 15 2017

According to a new study, almost 36 billion tons of soil is lost every year due to water, and deforestation and other changes in land use make the problem worse. The study also offers ideas on how agriculture can change to become a part of the solution from being part of the problem

The JRC presents the new Global Energy and Climate Outlook at COP23
©European Union, 2017
Nov 08 2017
If countries invest in additional climate mitigation measures, hundreds of thousands of lives could be saved and the co-benefits will already offset the costs by 2030
Forest-covered land is increasing in Europe
©Fotolia apfelweile
Jul 27 2017
The area of soils covered with trees and artificial surfaces is increasing in Europe, while arable land areas are declining. Sparsely vegetated areas are the most vulnerable to soil loss.
Soil erosion by water is the most serious cause of soil degradation globally.
©Fotolia lucag_g
Jul 05 2017
The first ever global erosivity map gives new insights into the geography of the rain's impact on soil erosion.
Even though there may be more than 30 different soil types occurring in certain location (grid cell), global crop modellers use only one.
©Fotolia, Frank
Jun 20 2016

A new study published in the journal Nature Communications shows that the type of soil used can often outweigh the effects of weather variability - such as year to year changes in rainfall and temperature.

Soil biodiversity reflects the mix of living organisms in the soil.
©Marshall Hedin
May 23 2016

This unique atlas pays tribute to soil – the silent engine that keeps the planet alive – by providing a detailed analysis of soil organisms and the threats to soil biodiversity at a global scale.

Soils are fundamental to life on Earth, yet they are under threat of continuous degradation.
©ComZeal, Fotolia.com
Dec 04 2015

The overwhelming majority of soil resources across the globe are in poor condition and their health is worsening, according to the first global status report on soil resources, which is being presented today in Rome in anticipation of the World Soil Day (5 December). The JRC provided extensive contributions, particularly on the regional assessment of soils in Europe. The World Soil resources report is one of the main achievements of the Global Soil Partnership (GSP) in the context of the International Year of Soil (IYS).

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