We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
Since its online publication in May 2010, the article "An overview of the chemical composition of biomass" has made it to the top 25 articles in 2010 in ScienceDirect. The article is the result of fundamental research by JRC-IE scientists Stanislav V. Vassilev, David Baxter and Lars K. Andersen in collaboration with the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Its popularity lies in a new systematic approach for classifying different biomass types based on their chemical composition.
The latest edition of the JRC Newsletter has been published and can be downloaded here . It features an editorial by Jim McLaren, the Director-General of the Canadian Institute for National Measurement Standards. This editorial is part of this issue's focus on JRC-IRMM's recent activities during its 50th anniversary including the inauguration of a new laboratory, a conference on the future of reference materials and the graduation ceremony for the first generation of Master's students in "Measurement Science in Chemistry" at JRC-IRMM.
The protection of animals used in scientific procedures such as safety testing of chemicals or cosmetics is of great concern to European citizens. Taking up this concern, the European Commission has launched several regulations that underline the European Union's commitment to improve animal welfare (e.g. Cosmetics Directive, REACH chemicals legislation) by promoting the use of alternatives to animal testing. A strong and continuous dialogue with key stakeholders in this area is recognised as pivotal for progress.
A new JRC reference report provides the first comprehensive overview of methodologies for estimating air emissions from shipping, describes technological solutions and proposes policy options for reducing carbon emissions and air pollution in this sector. Maritime transport causes about 4% of global man-made CO2 emissions which makes its carbon footprint approximately as high as Germany's. There is no regulation of international maritime transport emissions yet, but this is currently under discussion in the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The JRC has recently published the study "A Helping Hand for Europe: the Competitive Outlook for the EU Robotics Industry".
The FishPopTrace European research project, of which the JRC is a member, is exploring a range of techniques to develop reliable tests to understand where local population marine fish come from. In today’s issue of Science (10 December 2010; Vol. 330) the latest results are discussed.
A new JRC report reviews the state of the art of the competitiveness of the European automotive embedded systems industry. Currently information and communication technologies (ICT) innovation in this sector is a key competence in Europe, with very little innovation of this kind brought in from outside into EU automotive companies. It highlights however the need for continuous product innovation if jobs are to be maintained in this sector.
The 5th edition of the European Development Days (EDD) opens today in Brussels. Sharing the EU stand in the Development Village, JRC scientists will showcase some concrete examples of how research and technology can support development policies.
A new Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) instrument is now installed and in early commissioning stages at the JRC-ITU. This unique facility will focus on determining the chemical and magnetic properties of radioactive solid-state samples and will contribute to ITU's research on actinides.
From 24 to 26 November in Bergamo, Italy, around 300 experts from the 27 Member State administrations, Candidate Country administrations, EU officials, image providers and contractors are gathering at the 16th Conference "Geomatics in support of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)" to discuss the latest innovations in remote sensing technologies and their applicability to check agricultural subsidies.