JRC News

  1. 1 Jan 2015

    On 20 December 2013, the 68th session of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly adopted a resolution which declared 2015 the first ever International Year of Soils (IYS).

    The IYS 2015 aims to increase awareness and understanding of the importance of soil for food security and essential ecosystem functions. It was officially launched on 5 December 2014, the first official UN World Soil Day.

    The specific objectives of the IYS 2015 are to:

  2. 27 Feb 2013

    Forest fragmentation is the process of breaking up forest area into individual patches leading to an increase in forest edge length and to isolation of forest fragments. In Europe, this is mainly caused by human activities such as clearing for roads, agriculture and urban settlements or forest fires.

  3. 15 Feb 2009

    The JRC hosts a symposium on soil biodiversity today, 15 February, at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in Chicago. The session presented an overview of current understanding in the field and attempt to explain the various pressures "life in our soils" is currently under, with an analysis of recent developments that have enhanced our understanding of this crucial, yet unknown ecosystem. The challenges faced by the research community in its support for the sustainable use of this critical, non-renewable natural resource will also be addressed.

  4. 23 Apr 2014

    An article recently published by IES scientists on the gateways of introduction of marine alien species to European Seas provides useful information to help target national and European measures to prevent future introductions of marine alien species. The article, which identifies the main countries and cities of introduction of different marine alien species, finds that most introductions come via shipping, with a marked geographical pattern in the introductions depending on the main maritime activities of different regions.

  5. 4 Dec 2014

    A recently published article, led by the JRC, reviews the impacts of invasive alien marine species on ecosystem services and biodiversity in Europe. The review identifies 86 alien marine species, within 13 phyla, which have significant (negative and/or positive) impacts on ecosystem services and biodiversity in European seas. It classifies the type of impact, comments on the methods applied for assessing the impact and the related inferential strength, and reports on information gaps.

     

  6. 8 Aug 2014

    In a recently published article, the JRC presents its 1-km-resolution map of semi-natural vegetation in agricultural land in the EU-27, and assesses and classifies the relation between semi-natural vegetation and ecosystem services in EU regions.

  7. 23 May 2008

    On the occasion of the ninth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, scientists from the JRC Institute for Environment and Sustainability have organised a public awareness event on soil biodiverity.

  8. 27 Sep 2013

    With the close cooperation of the US mission to the EU, the JRC organised a high-level meeting on Thursday 26 September in order to examine the scientific potential to support eco-industries and technologies on both sides of the Atlantic.

  9. 2 Jul 2015

    In a correspondence published today in Nature, IES scientist Giovanni Strona comments on the remarkable possibility of buying the rights to name a new species, one of the highest honors in zoology, through eBay.

    For a few thousand dollars, anyone can buy the privilege of naming a ‘small rare’ species. Looking at the previous closed auctions, it is likely that this would be a fish parasite.

  10. 8 Jul 2014

    The JRC recently published the results of a co-authored study on the risks posed by chemical pollutant mixtures in the environment. This work is part of the first EU-wide campaign to test the use of biological based assay (bioassays) for assessing water quality in Europe, following the recommendations of the communication of the European Commission on the effects of chemicals (COM(2012) 252), calling for a greater effort to understand and assess the risks associated with chemical mixtures.