JRC News

  1. 9 Mar 2015

    Science and knowledge provide opportunities and tools to create the Europe of tomorrow, a future based on quality of life and sustainable environment. Europe is ready to start a process of change which will not be based on the choices of elites but on those of citizens who have the opportunity both to participate in the creation of their future and to be protagonists of the transition towards a society based on science and knowledge.

  2. 1 Jan 2015

    On 20 December 2013, the 68th session of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly adopted a resolution which declared 2015 the first ever International Year of Soils (IYS).

    The IYS 2015 aims to increase awareness and understanding of the importance of soil for food security and essential ecosystem functions. It was officially launched on 5 December 2014, the first official UN World Soil Day.

    The specific objectives of the IYS 2015 are to:

  3. 27 Feb 2013

    Forest fragmentation is the process of breaking up forest area into individual patches leading to an increase in forest edge length and to isolation of forest fragments. In Europe, this is mainly caused by human activities such as clearing for roads, agriculture and urban settlements or forest fires.

  4. 19 Aug 2014

    At its very productive Second Plenary Assembly (22-24 July, Rome), the Global Soil Partnership endorsed the Plans of Action of four of its five pillars of action (Pillar 3 is still under development), the result of which can be seen as an “almost complete blueprint for action”1 for the international soil community.

  5. 5 Mar 2008

    The European Commission has adopted a Communication on reinforcing the Union's Disaster Response capacity. In order to respond to the growing challenges posed by natural and man-made disasters, the communication proposes that the European Union strengthens its abilities at home and abroad to provide civil protection and humanitarian assistance. The Commission has undertaken a screening exercise of all its existing resources and puts forward as a first step an action plan of specific measures to be implemented before the end of 2008. As a concrete example, the communication includes a specific focus on how to improve the Union's response to forest fires.

    The JRC is supporting the EU's disaster response and civil protection activities in many areas. The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) is one of the cornerstones of this action plan. EFFIS, managed by the JRC Institute for Environment ans Sustainability (IES), provides the fire danger forecast (currently up to 6 days forecast) during the fire season helping in improving preparedness for forest fire fighting. In addition, EFFIS monitors the forest fire situation in Europe through the provision of information of active fires (hot spots) and the rapid assessment of forest fire damages in the countries. This information is critical for the Member States and the Commission in cases of catastrophic fire events (e.g. Portugal 2003 or Greece 2007) and facilitates the work of the Union's Monitoring and Information Center in is work of coordination of forest fire fighting.

    The JRC IES also develops the European Flood Alert System (EFAS), that will be capable of providing medium-range flood simulations across Europe with a lead-time (time between the detection and the arrival of the flood) of between 3 to 10 days.

    With its expertise in satellite images analysis and information technologies, the JRC Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (IPSC) is conducting several activities to provide scientific and technical support in crisis situations. IPSC's work supports different phases, from crisis preparedness to damage assessment, including also early warning, alerting and situational monitoring. Some recent examples of IPSC's activities in support to Crisis Management are:

  6. 10 Jul 2009

    Following the spread of major forest fires in Corsica earlier this month, French authorities made a request for additional fire fighting aircraft through the European Commission's Monitoring and Information Centre (MIC), based in Brussels. The MIC responded by providing European reserve fire-fighting aircraft within three hours of the request.

  7. 3 Jul 2014

    A recently published JRC report makes recommendations on the creation of a global index to monitor the progress of climate-resilient development policies. The index should include metrics on extreme climate events, climate vulnerability and adaptive capacity, taking into account the climate vulnerability of ecosystem services and the role of natural resources in climate adaptation. As a first step towards building the index, JRC scientists propose to construct a platform which will act as interface between science and policy on climate-resilient development.

  8. 3 Nov 2014

    The Forward Thinking Platform, a network of foresight practitioners and an open space for discussing the future of agriculture and rural development and the implications for agricultural research, has recently produced a Glossary of Terms commonly used in Futures Studies. The Glossary aims to promote a ‘common language’ with regard Futures Studies of food, agriculture and rural development. Several JRC scientists co-authored the glossary, which was created with the support of the Global Forum on Agriculture Research (GFAR).

     

  9. 15 May 2012

    A new JRC report provides key information for policy makers and business managers on how to assess the environmental impacts of products and services through more consistent and better quality life cycle assessments.

  10. 24 May 2013

    A new map developed by the JRC provides a more accurate picture of how population is distributed in the EU. With a resolution of 100 x 100 metres, the map allows visual, quantitative and qualitative comparisons between different territories, cities and regions. This is thanks to the combination of statistical population data reported at commune level with several detailed cartographic datasets on the location of residential areas.