JRC News

  1. 16 Nov 2009

    The 2009 EU R&D Industrial Investment Scoreboard is now available. Worldwide corporate R&D investment has increased by 6.9% in spite of the economic crisis, according to the report. With an 8.1% increase, the R&D investment growth of EU companies, defined as companies having headquarters within the EU, is significantly higher than US ones for the second year, at 5.7%, and Japanese ones, at 4.4%.

  2. 26 Oct 2010

    The 2010 EU R&D Industrial Investment Scoreboard is now available. R&D investment by top EU companies fell by 2.6% in 2009, even though sales and profits fell much more, by 10.1% and 21.0% respectively. The fall in R&D investment by leading players in the US, at 5.1%, was twice as sharp as in the EU, but the worldwide reduction was lower, at 1.9%. Japanese firms maintained their level of investment. Companies based elsewhere in Asia - China, India, Hong Kong, South Korea and Taiwan - continued the high R&D growth seen in previous years. Japanese car maker Toyota is the world's biggest R&D investor (€6.8bn) for the second consecutive year. Three EU companies feature in the top ten: Volkswagen, the biggest investor based in Europe with €5.8bn, Nokia and Sanofi-Aventis. The Scoreboard covers the top 1400 companies worldwide.

  3. 16 Feb 2009

    Today at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in Chicago, the JRC organised a scientific symposium on Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), a service provided by in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) clinics to parents who want to avoid passing on genetic diseases to their children.

    PGD entails carrying out genetic tests on embryos in a laboratory to identify those that have a healthy version of a given gene. These embryos can then be safely implanted in a mother's womb. Not be confused with the more far-reaching and separate issue of actual genetic engineering with a view to creating 'designer babies', PGD enables fertilisation clinics to select embryos for implantation so that at-risk families can avoid passing on genetic disease to their children and to subsequent generations. Nevertheless, many questions continue to surround the technique.

    The JRC-organised symposium on PDF featured Dr Tarek El Toukhy from St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, Susannah Baruch from Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore and the JRC's own Dolores Ibarreta from the JRC Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS) in Seville. It was moderated by Karen Sermon from the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium.

    A lively debate with the audience followed the session.

    EU legislation requires that the Community establish high quality and safety standards for the use of blood, organs and other substances of human origin. A JRC report in late 2007 showed that guidelines were urgently needed on the counselling of patients that opt to screen their embryos created by in vitro fertilisation (IVF) for serious genetic disorders.

  4. 1 Apr 2009

    The European Commission presented today a White Paper outlining actions needed to strengthen the Union's resilience in coping with a changing climate. Recent findings indicate that the impacts of climate change will be swifter and more severe than indicated by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in their 2007 report. Europe will not escape these effects and must therefore prepare to cope with them.

  5. 21 Jan 2011

    All EU Member States are highly involved in the ERA-NET scheme, the EU main initiative for fostering public transnational R&D collaboration. This is the main finding of the report "Mapping ERA-NETs across Europe: overview of the ERA-NET scheme and its results", published today by the JRC's Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS). ERA-NET facilitates ministries and public research agencies working together to coordinate research policies and to develop joint calls and research programmes.

  6. 18 Nov 2013

    The 2,000 top world investors listed in the 2013 EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard, increased R&D investments by 6.2% in 2012 compared to the previous year, showing a remarkable resilience in times of economic uncertainty. For the first time since 2004, an EU company – the German carmaker Volkswagen – is the world’s largest private sector R&D investor. These are the main findings of the Scoreboard released today. It was compiled by the JRC and the European Commission's Directorate General Research and Innovation.

  7. 25 Nov 2009

    If the climate expected in the 2080s occurred today, the EU would face yearly GDP losses between €20 and €65 billion, depending on the temperature increase in Europe (2.5°C to 5.4°C). This is one of the forecasts of the final report of the PESETA study, published today by the JRC Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS). The PESETA study also looked at different regional impacts of climate change across the EU. Damages would occur mainly in Southern and Central Europe, while Northern Europe would be the sole region to benefit, in economic terms and for the aspects studied, from climate change.

  8. 31 Jul 2013

    An extensive set of best environmental management practices (BEMPs) has been identified and analysed by the JRC to allow organisations within the retail trade sector to minimise their direct and indirect impact on the environment. In its comprehensive report, the JRC describes several techniques, measures and actions to improve the energy performance, the sustainability of the supply chain, transport and logistics, waste and water management, and to influence consumer behaviour and consumption.

  9. 27 May 2008

    The Commission presented today its Communication on "Better Careers and More Mobility: A European Partnership for Researchers". This Communication, which is a follow up of the 2007 Green Paper "The European Research Area: New Perspectives" aims at establishing a partnership between the Member States and the Commission to ensure that the necessary human resources in research are available to sustain and enhance the contribution of science and technology to a dynamic, knowledge based European society.

  10. 18 Dec 2012

    On 31 December this year, the new regulation for end of waste criteria for glass cullet will come into force. It will contribute to assure a second life for bottles and other glass containers.