JRC scientists comment on study published in Science magazine
The central prediction of the JRC's annual forecast is that the 2007 total cereal harvest will be 276 M tonnes or 1,6% below the average of the last five years with Central and Eastern Europe losing out the most.
Figures released by the Joint Research Centre's European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) show that burned land area in 2007 at 3376 square kilometres is already reaching 2006 totals and that July has been the worst month on record.
Complementing traditional approaches to medical intelligence, the Joint Research Centre has developed a new web-based disease surveillance system called MediSys that can provide health authorities with earlier identification of potential health threats, their verification, assessment and investigation in order to recommend public health control measures.
Energy consumption worldwide is likely to double between 2000 and 2050, and nuclear energy will remain a key element in future low-carbon energy systems. Europe has the largest nuclear industry in the world and one third of its electricity comes from nuclear plants. To prepare for the future and maintain European leadership in this sector, a Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technology Platform has been launched today, bringing together researchers and industry to define and implement a Strategic Research Agenda and corresponding Deployment Strategy.
On 25 September, the European Commission has adopted the final report of the competition inquiry on the business insurance sector. The report builds on the interim report of January 2007 which summarized the information jointly obtained by the Commission's Competition DG and the JRC Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (IPSC) through an analysis of responses to questionnaire-based surveys of some of the major participants in the EU insurance market.
The 2007 MARS PAC annual conference - the thirteenth - will be held in collaboration with the Spanish Paying Agency FEGA, from 12 to 14 November at the Palacio de Congresos, Madrid.
The JRC contributed to the 2007 Progress Report on Education and Training. The report - presented today by the Commission - shows that Europe is making good progress as regards tertiary maths, science and technology graduates and that the number of early school leavers is continuously declining. However, progress is more limited as regards upper secondary attainment of young people and lifelong learning participation of adults. No progress has so far been achieved in reducing the share of pupils with low reading skills.
The first 'virtual path' based on an innovative application of RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) technology opened today in Laveno - Italy. Passive transponders buried in the pavement and a dedicated electronic walking cane safely guide the visually impaired person along the path. The prototype, developed by the JRC Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (IPSC) is the result of the SESAMONET (SEcure and SAfe MObility NETwork) project.
mobGAS©® is a new mobile phone application available in 21 European languages that allows users to see how their daily choices impact on climate change. This smart technology, developed by scientists working at the European Commission's Joint Research Centre, allows users to see the implications of the choices they make every day, in terms of the three major greenhouse gases – carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide. Information about everyday activities – cooking, transport, lighting, electronic appliances etc. - is put into the application, and calculations made of individual emissions. A user diary of daily, weekly and yearly emissions can be registered on a secure website, allowing a comparison with national and world averages. The application also includes an animation reflecting the user's contribution to the Kyoto Protocol target.