JRC News

  1. 2 Jul 2015

    In a correspondence published today in Nature, IES scientist Giovanni Strona comments on the remarkable possibility of buying the rights to name a new species, one of the highest honors in zoology, through eBay.

    For a few thousand dollars, anyone can buy the privilege of naming a ‘small rare’ species. Looking at the previous closed auctions, it is likely that this would be a fish parasite.

  2. 26 Jun 2015

    The 3rd annual Plenary Meeting of the Global Soil Partnership (GSP), hosted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) from the 22 to 24 June 2015 in Rome, Italy, endorsed a concept note on developing Voluntary Guidelines for Sustainable Management of Soil Resources (VGSMS).

  3. 24 Jun 2015

    The JRC hosted a very successful awareness-raising event with an EU exhibit on soil at this year’s 4-day Royal Highland Show in Edinburgh, which was attended by a record-breaking number of visitors. The exhibit showcased soil-related issues in Scotland and Europe in an informative and engaging manner, and made a real contribution to the International Year of Soils.  Feedback from the Commissioner Hogan, the EU Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Development, was extremely positive.

     

  4. 18 May 2015

    A recent peer-reviewed paper, led by the JRC, describes a new method for measuring the structure and configuration of ecological networks, which shows that nestedness in ecological networks is less common than previously thought.

    This finding challenges the assumption that ecological networks are stable due to their inherent nestedness. It finds that most ecological networks actually tend towards patterns of segregation and specialisation, which may be the key to species coexistence.

  5. 4 May 2015

    JRC scientist Bruna Grizzetti is co-author of a recently published World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Science Brief on how human activities have dramatically altered the nitrogen cycle, which presents one of the main global challenges to human health, ecosystem integrity and biodiversity.

     

    Human activities have altered the global nitrogen cycle even more than the global carbon cycle. The science brief reports that the planetary boundary for nitrogen has been breached by a factor of two, making nitrogen one of the most urgent pressures on the Earth system.

     

  6. 13 Mar 2015

    A recently published JRC report describes a methodological framework for the biophysical assessment and economic valuation of water ecosystem services in Europe.

    The methodology aims to help understand how multiple pressures can affect the delivery and value of such services. It is flexible, can be applied at different scales/locations and is easy to follow, presenting the basic concepts and assumptions to be established before the analysis, and a ‘shopping bag’ of appropriate tools to assess and value ecosystem services.

  7. 10 Feb 2015

    The JRC recently published a paper highlighting the importance of free open-access satellite data for biodiversity conservation.

  8. 1 Jan 2015

    On 20 December 2013, the 68th session of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly adopted a resolution which declared 2015 the first ever International Year of Soils (IYS).

    The IYS 2015 aims to increase awareness and understanding of the importance of soil for food security and essential ecosystem functions. It was officially launched on 5 December 2014, the first official UN World Soil Day.

    The specific objectives of the IYS 2015 are to:

  9. 4 Dec 2014

    A recently published article, led by the JRC, reviews the impacts of invasive alien marine species on ecosystem services and biodiversity in Europe. The review identifies 86 alien marine species, within 13 phyla, which have significant (negative and/or positive) impacts on ecosystem services and biodiversity in European seas. It classifies the type of impact, comments on the methods applied for assessing the impact and the related inferential strength, and reports on information gaps.

     

  10. 28 Nov 2014

    JRC scientists published a joint study on the use of metabarcoding to characterise soil biodiversity.

    The paper presents the opportunities and challenges of this relatively new methodology, and proposes solutions to facilitate its common application.