The new website, which was built using cutting-edge technology, allows for a more efficient flow of data and information.
A recently published JRC paper examines the conceptual, biophysical and economic interpretations of the role of nursery habitats in the ecosystem services literature. It concludes that the nursery function should be considered as an ecosystem service in its own right when linked to concrete human benefits, not when it represents general biodiversity or ecosystem condition. This distinction is the only way for science to quantify the link between biodiversity and ecosystem services, and for policy to be effective in halting biodiversity loss.
The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) released its first deliverable, the Summary for policymakers of its Thematic Assessment of Pollinators, Pollination and Food Production, at its fourth session (IPBES-4) held from 22 to 28 February 2016, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
JRC scientists are the main authors of a recent article in Environmental Science & Policy that describes a new methodology to identify and map green infrastructure (GI) based on multifunctional ecosystem services and ecological networks, and illustrates its use by mapping a European GI network.
A recently published JRC report describes a methodological framework for the biophysical assessment and economic valuation of water ecosystem services in Europe.
The methodology aims to help understand how multiple pressures can affect the delivery and value of such services. It is flexible, can be applied at different scales/locations and is easy to follow, presenting the basic concepts and assumptions to be established before the analysis, and a ‘shopping bag’ of appropriate tools to assess and value ecosystem services.
A JRC-organised session on coastal and marine ecosystem services generated a lot of interest and positive feedback from the participants at last month’s annual Association of the Sciences of Limnology & Oceanography (ASLO) 2015 meeting in Granada, Spain.
This year’s ASLO meeting, the theme of which was “Aquatic Sciences: Global And Regional Perspectives — North Meets South”, was attended by more than 5 000 scientists from all over the world.
The United Nations Environment Programme has today released its Protected Planet Report 2014, of which JRC scientists are co-authors and contributors. The Report reviews progress towards the achievement of Aichi Biodiversity Target 11 of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), which aims to improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity in protected areas.
In a recently published paper, JRC scientists estimated that in the European Union every 1% increase of artificial lands (roads, buildings) should be compensated with an increase of 2.2% of green infrastructure (natural or semi-natural areas) within the same region, in order to maintain ecosystem services at 2010 levels - the base year of the EU Biodiversity strategy to 2020. JRC scientists assessed the impacts of the current trends in land-use change on the provision of ecosystem services, using an ecosystem services index coupled with a land-use modelling platform.
For the third consecutive year since 2012, the European week of bees and pollinators (31 March – 2 April) is the occasion to raise the awareness of policy-makers and the general public about the importance of bees and the precious services offered by pollinators. This is particularly relevant given the upcoming operational application of the future common agricultural policy.
IES scientist Alessandro Cescatti is co-author of an article published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) that shows how recent advances in space-based monitoring technology can greatly improve measurements of the photosynthetic output of cropland and grassland ecosystems. This is of particular relevance at a time when the vulnerability of food and biofuel production in a changing climate is of paramount societal importance.