JRC News

  1. 2 Feb 2016

    For years scientists have been working on systems to better classify organisms using genetic "barcodes", i.e. DNA sequences that are used as unique identifiers for each species and that are found at specific locations of their genomes. For plants, for example, the currently used DNA barcodes are found in the plastids, small organelles within the plant cells that carry out photosynthesis. The genome of the plastid is very small in comparison to the plant genome, which has made the identification of DNA barcodes easier.

  2. 26 Jan 2016

    Titanium dioxide powders have been manufactured and used on a large, industrial scale since the first half of the last century but only in recent years have concerns begun to be raised  about possible effects on human health though exposure to this material in nanoparticulate form. Although some recent studies have reported that nanoparticulate titanium dioxide might be harmful to human health the situation still remains inconclusive due, in part, to the large number of different forms in which the material may be found.

  3. 26 Jan 2016

    JRC scientists contributed with a chapter on "The European Union Reference methods database and decision supporting tool for the analysis of genetically modified organisms: GMOMETHODS and JRC GMO-Matrix".

  4. 5 Jan 2016

    The plenary of the European Commission Initiative on Breast Cancer (ECIBC) entitled 'Improving breast cancer screening, diagnosis and care in Europe' took place in Baveno, Italy on 9-11 December 2015. The plenary focused on improving quality, multidisciplinarity and continuity of care as well as identifying measures for clearer communication. This event marked an important step towards harmonised quality standards for breast cancer services, including screening.

  5. 17 Dec 2015

    Reference chemical selection is a key step in the development, optimisation and validation of alternative test methods. In light of newly available data, the JRC's European Union Reference Laboratory for Alternatives to Animal Testing (EURL ECVAM), supported by a group of experts, has revised its recommended list of genotoxic and non-genotoxic chemicals for assessing the performance of new or improved in vitro genotoxicity test methods.

  6. 10 Dec 2015

    The emergence of antimicrobial resistance is a threat which is increasingly causing serious health problems to EU citizens and there is a pressing need to develop novel classes of antimicrobial agents. In the search for a solution to this problem, antimicrobial peptides (molecules consisting of 2 or more amino acids) are being recognized as promising candidates in the fight against bacterial pathogens.

  7. 4 Dec 2015

    The European Commission Initiative on Breast Cancer (ECIBC) will ensure and harmonise the quality of breast cancer services across European countries. It will apply scientific evidence for guidelines on care provision and support the implementation of those guidelines via a quality assurance scheme. What’s unique and new is that it will encompass all stages of the breast cancer care pathway, from screening, diagnosis and treatment to end-of-life care.

  8. 17 Nov 2015

    Members of the International Cooperation on Alternative Test Methods attended a two-day meeting hosted by the European Union Reference Laboratory for Alternatives to Animal Testing (EURL ECVAM).

  9. 13 Nov 2015

    Detecting the presence of nanoparticles in consumer products is an enduring challenge for analytical laboratories.

    Although many different techniques can potentially be used to measure the dimension of objects smaller than a 1/10000 of a millimetre, in practice, the results obtained using different methods may not always prove to be consistent.

  10. 20 Oct 2015

    Today, 20 October, the Chinese Academy of Inspection and Quarantine (CAIQ) and the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (EC-JRC) renewed their collaborative research arrangement (CRA) at the EU Pavillon of EXPO 2015.