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A recently published JRC paper examines the conceptual, biophysical and economic interpretations of the role of nursery habitats in the ecosystem services literature. It concludes that the nursery function should be considered as an ecosystem service in its own right when linked to concrete human benefits, not when it represents general biodiversity or ecosystem condition. This distinction is the only way for science to quantify the link between biodiversity and ecosystem services, and for policy to be effective in halting biodiversity loss.
North Korea’s total food production – including cereals, soybeans and potatoes in cereal equivalent – is estimated to have fallen in 2015, and is expected to worsen food security in the country, according to an update issued by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
The latest JRC MARS Crop monitoring in Europe Bulletin (published today) reports a positive yield outlook, although there are concerns in Poland and Ukraine after an unfavourable winter.
In most regions, weather conditions have been favourable for winter crop growth and spring sowing activities. In general, the current prospects for EU-28 yields are above the five-year average, and the forecast for total cereals has increased compared to our last Bulletin, reflecting the generally good growth conditions.
A newly developed index identifies areas of the Mediterranean Sea which are most affected by non-native, invasive alien species introduced through the Suez Canal, by aquaculture or through shipping. The top invaders appear to be algae, according to a JRC study.
Species that made their way through the Suez Canal show highest concentration in the eastern parts of the basin, while those introduced by shipping are mostly present in many central and north-western sites. Two high-impact areas were evident around the Italian peninsula due to species introduced by aquaculture.
A JRC article published in August 2015 on consumer food waste in the EU has been selected as one of the 25 pioneering articles published in the recently published Environmental Research Letters (ERL) highlights of 2015.
The 25 highlights were chosen on the basis of referee endorsement, scientific impact, advances made in the field, novelty and broad appeal, and as epitomising the very best in interdisciplinary work at the nexus of research and policy groups.
Researchers at the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) have joined forces with different European modelling groups to produce a new and more consistent set of multiple climate-hazard modelling data. The key findings of the study, recently published in Climatic Change and presented today at the General Assembly of the European Geosciences Union, show that in the coming decades Europe will be much more frequently exposed to extreme weather events as a result of climate change.
JRC scientist Frank Dentener is one of the 22 international authors of a recently published feature article in Environmental Science & Technology that reviews what is currently known about the effects of air pollution on health and calls for closer cooperation between air pollution and health scientists in researching the chemical and physical properties of complex air pollution mixtures and their effects on health.
A recently published JRC report investigates the trends and impacts of past and future meteorological drought events in Europe, and the implications of a projected drier future for southern Europe and a wetter future for northern Europe.
Phytobenthos, the plants that live on or near the bottom of rivers and lakes, are among the biological quality elements indicated by the Water Framework Directive as biological monitors of the ecological status of rivers and lakes.