We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
To meet its objectives and deliver high-quality scientific support and results, the JRC has developed lasting partnerships with external entities sharing a common interest in specific research areas. This collaboration is essential for the JRC's work on harmonisation and validation of methods and measurements, establishing common standards, and providing scientific and technical support for the implementation of European legislation.
JRC's networking activities also respond to European policy makers' and EU Member States' increasing demands to establish common scientific reference systems. The JRC collaborates with hundreds of partner organisations in scientific networks worldwide, covering a broad range of fields from climate change and air quality to environmental monitoring of radioactivity and food contact materials.
The European Reference Network for Critical Infrastructure Protection (ERNCIP) aims at providing a framework within which experimental facilities and laboratories will share knowledge and expertise in order to harmonise test protocols throughout Europe, leading to better protection of critical infrastructures against all types of threats and hazards and to the creation of a single market for security solutions.
The JRC managed European Product Bureau supports the development of implementing acts and secondary legislation on product policy instruments such as Eco-label, Green Public Procurement (GPP) and Eco-design developing a methodology, identifying products and assessing the potential for improvement of selected products under technical working groups.
The primary purpose of the ENGL is to help solve the large number of challenges that enforcement laboratories face in the field of detection, identification and quantification of GMOs.
The European Network of Cancer Registries (ENCR) promotes collaboration between cancer registries, defines data collection standards, provides training for cancer registry personnel and regularly disseminates information on incidence and mortality from cancer in the European Union and Europe.
ENCR is hosted by the JRC. Established within the framework of the Europe Against Cancer Programme of the European Commission, it has the following objectives:
The JRC runs one of only two stations in Italy that measure air pollution within the framework of the European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (EMEP). The JRC EMEP station monitors concentrations of carbon monoxide, ozone and secondary aerosol precursors and several physical and chemical parameters characterizing particulate matter.
Industrial production processes account for a considerable share of the overall pollution in Europe. The EU has a set of common rules for controlling industrial installations described in the Industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75/EU (IED). JRC manages The European Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (lPPC) Bureau which produces reference documents on Best Available Techniques, used by competent authorities in EU member states when issuing operating permits.
The European GMO Socio-Economics Bureau's (ESEB) mission is to organise and facilitate the exchange of technical and scientific information regarding the socio-economic implications of the cultivation and use of GMOs between Member States and the Commission.
The European Forum for Science and Industry enhances the dialogue and cooperation on the scientific needs of industry in a regular and structured way.
For those GM crops authorised for cultivation, EU Coexistence policies include technical measures designed to minimise the economic impacts of a mixture of GM and non-GM agricultural supplies, without compromising the economic efficiency of farmers. The JRC, through the operation of the European Coexistence Bureau (ECoB), develops standards of best agricultural practices for coexistence to assist Member States in developing national rules.
The JRC coordinates the EU Network of National Reference Laboratories for food contact materials.