We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
To meet its objectives and deliver high-quality scientific support and results, the JRC has developed lasting partnerships with external entities sharing a common interest in specific research areas. This collaboration is essential for the JRC's work on harmonisation and validation of methods and measurements, establishing common standards, and providing scientific and technical support for the implementation of European legislation.
JRC's networking activities also respond to European policy makers' and EU Member States' increasing demands to establish common scientific reference systems. The JRC collaborates with hundreds of partner organisations in scientific networks worldwide, covering a broad range of fields from climate change and air quality to environmental monitoring of radioactivity and food contact materials.
European Clearinghouse for Operating Experience (OE) of Nuclear Power Plants (NPP) (CLEARINGHOUSE)
The Clearinghouse is a network which has been established in 2008 to enhance nuclear safety through improvement of the use of lessons learned from Operating Experience. The Clearinghouse is mainly composed of nuclear safety regulatory authorities and their Technical Support Organizations in Europe.
EERA Joint Programme Nuclear Materials (JPNM)
The objective of this EERA JP - Nuclear Materials is to identify key priority topics and funding opportunities with the purpose of supporting in an efficient way the development and optimisation of a sustainable nuclear energy. The goals and the timescale of the EERA JPNM have been defined in order to support the development of innovative fast neutron and nuclear waste transmutation systems. This allows the fuel cycle to be closed and the energy output from the fuel to be substantially increased, while improving the management of high level radioactive waste through transmutation processes. The operating conditions envisaged for those new systems are demanding and will impact the performance of the structural and clad materials, meaning that the safety and the feasibility of most of the nuclear reactor concepts will depend crucially on the nuclear materials.
The European Research for Mobile Emission Sources (ERMES) is a group of research institutions, competent authorities, industry associations, whose mission includes the support of cooperative research in the field of transport emission modelling.
The JRC coordinates the EU Network of National Reference Laboratories for food contact materials.
For those GM crops authorised for cultivation, EU Coexistence policies include technical measures designed to minimise the economic impacts of a mixture of GM and non-GM agricultural supplies, without compromising the economic efficiency of farmers. The JRC, through the operation of the European Coexistence Bureau (ECoB), develops standards of best agricultural practices for coexistence to assist Member States in developing national rules.
The European GMO Socio-Economics Bureau's (ESEB) mission is to organise and facilitate the exchange of technical and scientific information regarding the socio-economic implications of the cultivation and use of GMOs between Member States and the Commission.
Industrial production processes account for a considerable share of the overall pollution in Europe. The EU has a set of common rules for controlling industrial installations described in the Industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75/EU (IED). JRC manages The European Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (lPPC) Bureau which produces reference documents on Best Available Techniques, used by competent authorities in EU member states when issuing operating permits.
The JRC runs one of only two stations in Italy that measure air pollution within the framework of the European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (EMEP). The JRC EMEP station monitors concentrations of carbon monoxide, ozone and secondary aerosol precursors and several physical and chemical parameters characterizing particulate matter.
The European Network of Cancer Registries (ENCR) promotes collaboration between cancer registries, defines data collection standards, provides training for cancer registry personnel and regularly disseminates information on incidence and mortality from cancer in the European Union and Europe.
ENCR is hosted by the JRC. Established within the framework of the Europe Against Cancer Programme of the European Commission, it has the following objectives:
The primary purpose of the ENGL is to help solve the large number of challenges that enforcement laboratories face in the field of detection, identification and quantification of GMOs.