GEM-E3
General Equilibrium Model for Economy - Energy - Environment

Publications

Collective works

European Commission (2015). "The Paris Protocol - a blueprint for tackling global climate change beyond 2020" Commission Staff Working Document. (SWD(2015) 17)

European Commission (2014). "Communication on 2030 framework for climate and energy policies" Commission Staff Working Document. Impact Assessment. (SWD(2014) 15)

European Commission (2013). "The Clean Air Policy Package" Commission Staff Working Document. Impact Assessment (SWD(2013)531).

European Commission (2013). "EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change" Commission Staff Working Document. Impact Assessment (SWD(2013) 132 final)

European Commission (2012). "Tax Reforms in EU Member States 2012" European Economy 6, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs, 118pp

European Commission (2012). "Review of Regulation (EC) No 842/2006 on certain fluorinated greenhouse gases" Commission Staff Working Document. Impact Assessment (COM(2012) 643 final, SWD(2012) 364)

European Commission (2011). "Tax Reforms in EU Member States 2011" European Economy. 5, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs, October 2011, 139p

European Commission (2011). "A Roadmap for moving to a competitive low carbon economy in 2050" Commission Staff Working Document. Impact Assessment. (COM(2011) 112 final, SEC(2011) 289 final)

European Commission (2010). "Analysis of options to move beyond 20% greenhouse gas emission reductions and assessing the risk of carbon leakage" Commission Staff Working Document. (COM(2010) 256 final, SEC(2010) 650/2)

European Commission (2009a). "Towards a comprehensive climate change agreement in Copenhagen" Staff Working Document Part 1 , Part 2 (COM(2009) 39 final, SEC(2009) 101)

European Commission (2008). "Package of Implementation measures for the EU's objectives on climate change and renewable energy for 2020" Impact Assessment (SEC(2008) 85/3) / Annex to Impact Assessment (SEC(2008) 85)

European Commission (2005). "The Communication on Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution" and "The Directive on “Ambient Air Quality and Cleaner Air for Europe" Commission Staff Working Document (SEC(2005) 1133) / Annex to COM(2005) 446/447

Journal Articles and Book Chapters

Barrios, S., Pycroft, J., and Saveyn, B. (2013). The marginal cost of public funds in the EU: the case of labour versus green taxes.  Taxation Papers 35, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.

Ciscar, JC, Saveyn, B., Soria, A., Szabo, L., Van Regemorter, D., Van Ierland, T. (2013). A Comparability Analysis of Global Burden Sharing GHG Reduction Scenarios. Energy Policy 55, 73-81.

Saveyn, B., Paroussos, L., and Ciscar, JC. (2012). Economic analysis of a low carbon path to 2050: A case for China, India and Japan. Energy Economics 34 (3), S451-S458

Maisonnave H, Pycroft J, Saveyn B, Ciscar Martinez J. (2012). Does climate policy make the EU economy more resilient to oil price rises A CGE analysis. Energy Policy 47, 172-179.

Ciscar JC., Saveyn B., and Van Regemorter, D. (2012). Economic Modelling of Climate Impacts: a Partial Review. Review of Business and Economic Literature 57 (2), 144-156.

Klaassen G., Nill J., van Ierland T., Saveyn B., and Vergote S. (2012). Costs and Benefits of Reducing the EU's Greenhouse Gas Emissions by 30% in 2020. Review of Business and Economic Literature 57 (2), 157-178.

Ciscar JC, Szabó L, Van Regemorter D, Soria A (2012). The integration of PESETA sectoral economic impacts into the GEM-E3 Europe model: methodology and results. Climate Change DOI: 10.1007/s10584-011-0343-y

Ciscar JC, Iglesias A, Feyen L, Szabó L, Van Regemorter D, Amelung B, Nicholls R, Watkiss P, Christensen OB, Dankers R, Garrote L, Goodess CM, Hunt A, Moreno A, Richards J, and Soria A (2011). Physical and economic consequences of climate change in Europe. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 108:2678-2683 doi:10.1073/pnas.1011612108

Saveyn, B., Van Regemorter, D., and Ciscar, JC. (2011). Economic analysis of the climate pledges of the Copenhagen Accord for the EU and other major countries. Energy Economics 33, S33-S40

Németh, G., Szabó, L., and Ciscar, J.-C. (2011). Estimation of Armington elasticities in a CGE economy–energy–environment model for Europe. Economic Modelling 28(4), 1993-1999

Russ, P., Ciscar, J-C, Saveyn, B., Szabo, L., Van Ierland, T., Van Regemorter, D. (2009). Techno-economic modelling of global climate policies. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 6, 232017

Russ, P., Ciscar, J-C, Saveyn, B., Soria, A., Szabo, L., Van Ierland, T., Klaassen, G., Virdis, R. (2009). Towards a comprehensive climate change agreement in Copenhagen. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 6, 582024

Inge Mayeres & Denise Van Regemorter (2008). Modelling the Health Related Benefits of Environmental Policies and Their Feedback Effects: A CGE Analysis for the EU Countries with GEM-E3. The Energy Journal 29(1), 135-150

Conrad, Klaus, Henrike Koschel and Andreas Löschel (2008), Extending Working Hours: Why not work 42 Hours rather than 38? - A CGE Analysis for Germany, Empirica 35, 255-266

Conrad, K. and T.F.N. Schmidt (1998). "Double Dividend of Climate Protection and the Role of International Policy Coordination in the EU - An Applied General Equilibrium Analysis with the GEM-E3 Model", in: O. Hohmeyer and K. Rennings (eds.), "Man Made Climate Change - Economic Apects and Policy Options", Physika

Conrad, K. and T.F.N. Schmidt (1998). "National Economic Impacts of an EU Environmental Policy - An Applied General Equilibrium Analysis", in: S. Proost and J.B. Braden (eds.), "Climate Change, Transport and Environmental Policy", Edward Elgar.

Conrad, K. and T.F.N. Schmidt (1998). "Economic Impacts of a Non-Coordinated vs. a Coordinated CO2 Policy in the EU - An Applied General Equilibrium Analysis", Economic Systems Research, Special Issue, .

Conrad, K. and T.F.N. Schmidt (1998). "The International Policy Dimension of Sustainability - The Effect of Policy Harmonization within the EU Using the GEM-E3 Model", in: J. van den Bergh and M. Hofkes, "Theory and Implementation of Sustainable Development: Modelling", Kluwer .

Capros P., T. Georgakopoulos, D. Van Regemorter, S. Proost, T.F.N. Schmidt and K. Conrad (1997), 'European Union: the GEM-E3 General Equilibrium Model', in: Economic & Financial Modelling, Special Double Issue, Vol. 4, No. 2&3, pp. 51-160.

Capros P. T. Georgakopoulos, D. Van Regemorter, S. Proost, K. Conrad, T.F.N. Schmidt, Y. Smeers (1996). 'Double Dividend Analysis: First Results of a General Equilibrium Model (GEM-E3) Linking the EU-12 Countries", in: C. Carraro and D. Siniscalco (eds.), 'Environmental Fiscal Reform and Unemployment', FEEM/Kluwer.

Proost, S. and Van Regemorter, D. (1992). Economic effects of a carbon tax : With a
general equilibrium illustration for Belgium. Energy Economics, 14, No. 2, 136–149

 

Reports and Working Papers

Vrontisi Zoi, Jan Abrell, Frederik Neuwahl, Bert Saveyn, and Fabian Wagner (2014). Impact Assessment of European Clean Air policies in a CGE framework. JRC-IPTS Working Papers JRC92553, Institute for Prospective and Technological Studies, Joint Research Centre.

Ciscar JC, Feyen L, Soria A, Lavalle C, Raes F, Perry M, Nemry F, Demirel H, Rozsai M, Dosio A, Donatelli M, Srivastava A, Fumagalli D, Niemeyer S, Shrestha S, Ciaian P, Himics M, Van Doorslaer B, Barrios S, Ibáñez N, Forzieri G, Rojas R, Bianchi A, Dowling P, Camia A, Libertà G, San Miguel J, de Rigo D, Caudullo G, Barredo J-I, Paci D, Pycroft J, Saveyn B, Van Regemorter D, Revesz T, Vandyck T, Vrontisi Z, Baranzelli C, Vandecasteele I, Batista e Silva F, Ibarreta D (2014). Climate Impacts in Europe. The JRC PESETA II project. JRC Scientific and Technical Reports. EUR 26586 EN

Capros, P., D. Van Regemorter, L. Paroussos, P. Karkatsoulis, T. Revesz, C. Fragkiadakis, S. Tsani, I. Charalampidis, authors; M. Perry, J. Abrell, J. C. Ciscar, J. Pycroft, B. Saveyn, editors (2013). GEM-E3 Model Documentation. JRC Scientific and Technical Reports. EUR 26034 EN.

Kitous, A., Saveyn, B., Gervais, S., Wiesenthal, T., Soria, A. (2013). Analysis of Iran Oil Embargo. JRC Scientific and Technical Reports. EUR 25691 EN.

Maisonnave H, Pycroft J, Saveyn B, Ciscar Martinez J. (2012). Does climate policy make the EU economy more resilient to oil price rises A CGE analysis. JRC Scientific and Technical Reports. EUR 25224 EN.

Ciscar Martinez J, Saveyn B, Soria Ramirez A, Szabo L, Van Regemorter D, Van Ierland T. A (2012). Comparability Analysis of Global Burden Sharing GHG Reduction Scenarios. JRC Scientific and Technical Reports. EUR 25222 EN.

Russ, P., Ciscar, J-C, Saveyn, B., Soria, A., Szabo, L. (2009). Economic Assessment of Post-2012 Global Climate Policies - Analysis of Gas Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Scenarios with the POLES and GEM-E3 models. JRC Scientific and Technical Reports. EUR 23768 EN

Saveyn, B. and Van Regemorter, D. (2007). Environmental Policy in a Federal State – A Regional CGE analysis of the NEC Directive in Belgium., ETE Working Paper 2007-01

Russ, P., Wiesenthal, T., Van Regemorter, D., and Ciscar, J. C. (2007). Global Climate Policy Scenarios for 2030 and beyond: Analysis of Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Pathway Scenarios with the POLES and GEM-E3 Models. JRC Reference Report. EUR 23032

Kouvaritakis, N., and Paroussos, L. (2006), DYN-GEM-E3 – The Dynamics of Innovation and Investment and its impact on Policy Design in Energy and Environment for a Sustainable Growth in Europe. Report for the European Commission-DG RTD

Kouvaritakis, N., Stroblos, N., Paroussos, L., Revesz, T., Zalai, E. and van Regemorter, D. (2005). Impacts of energy taxation in the enlarged European Union, evaluation with GEM-E3 Europe. Study for the European Commission DG TAXUD, final report, July 2005.

Russ, P., Ciscar, J.-C., Szabo, L. (2005). Analysis of Post-2012 Climate Policy Scenarios with Limited Participation. JRC Scientific and Technical Reports. EUR 21758 EN

Proost, S. and Van Regemorter, D. (2003). Climate change policy in European countries and its effects on industry. ETE Working Paper 2003-05

Proost, S. and Van Regemorter, D. (2001). Interaction between Local Air Pollution and Global warming Policy and its Policy Implications. ETE Working Paper 2001-16

Proost, S., and Van Regemorter, D. (2000). How to achieve the Kyoto Target in Belgium - modelling methodology and some results. ETE Working Paper 2000-09

Capros, P., Georgakopoulos, P. , Van Regemorter, D., Proost, S., Schmidt, T.F.N., Koschel, H., Conrad, K., and Vouyoukas, E.L. (1999). Climate Technologies Strategies 2, The Macroeconomic Cost and Benefit of Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the European Union, ZEW Economic Studies 4 (ZEW, Mannheim)

Mayeres, I., and Van Regemorter, D. (1999), The introduction of the External Effects of Air Pollution in AGE models: Towards the Endogenous Determination of Damage Valuation and its Application to GEM-E3, in the Final report of the GEM-E3 Elite Project of the EU Joule Research Programme

Brockmann, K.L., H. Koschel and T.F.N. Schmidt (1998). "Tradable SO2-Permits in the European Union - A Practicable Scheme for Public Utilities", ZEW Discussion Paper No. 98-15, 1998.

Hillerbrand B., M. Jänicke, M. Kohlhaas, T.F.N. Schmidt, H. Koschel, B. Linscheidt (1998). "Der Einfluß von Energiesteuern und -abgaben zur Reduktion von Treibhausgasen auf Innovation und technischen Fortschritt -Clearing Studie", Endbericht eines BMBF-Projekts, RWI-Papiere, No. 51.

Koschel H., K.L. Brockmann, T.F.N. Schmidt, M.Stronzik, H. Bergmann (1998). "Handelbare SO2-Emissionszertifikate für Europa - Konzeption und Wirkungsanalyse eines Modellvorschlags", Physika, Heidelberg.

Koschel, H. and T.F.N. Schmidt (1998). "Modelling of Foreign Trade in Applied General Equilibrium Models:Theoretical Approaches and Sensitivity Analysis with the GEM-E3 Model", ZEW Discussion Paper No. 98-08.

Schmidt, T.F.N. and H. Koschel 1998). "Climate Change Policy and Burden Sharing in the European Union - Applying alternative equity rules to a CGE-framework", ZEW Discussion Paper No. 98-12.

Related Content
JRC Institutes