FAQ

  1. What guarantees exist that contract staff and auxiliary contract staffwill eventually be able to benefit from pensions contributions paid into the Community system?
    30/04/2014

    This question is linked to the possibilities of transferring OUT (of the Commission system to a national pensions system) of the actuarial value of the amounts paid into the Community system by contract staff and auxiliary contract staff. It should be noted that although there is an obligation for Member States to transfer amounts paid into national systems into the Commission system (transfer IN), the reverse operation is subject to agreements between the European Institutions and the Member States. Currently, transfers OUT are possible with the national pensions schemes of Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxemburg, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, and with the pensions schemes of some international organisations. A calculation of the actuarial value of pensions can be provided upon individual request. Articles 11 §1 and 12 § 1 b) of Annex VIII of the Staff Regulations ensure that the staff member may transfer the amounts paid in to a private insurance or pension fund which fulfils the criteria laid down by Article 12 (whether the possibility of transfer to a former system exists or not). This ensures that the contributions paid in by staff will not be lost.

    Keywords: jobs
  2. Can contract staff and auxiliary contract staff benefit from the European Schools system?
    30/04/2014

    The rules governing the organisation and functioning of European schools are set by a series of decisions of the Board of Governors, which is the highest decision-making body for the European Schools system. The Commission sits on the Board of Governors, but only has one vote out of a total of 29. According to the rules set by the Board of Governors, children of statutory staff (those covered by the CEOS, which includes contract staff and auxiliary contract staff) are Category I pupils.

    Keywords: jobs
  3. Are children of contract staff and auxiliary contract staff required to pay school fees?
    30/04/2014

    As Category I pupils, children of contract staff and auxiliary contract staff are exempt from schools fees (known as the "Minerval"). This exemption is accorded provided that "the parent of the child in Category I is employed directly and without interruption by a Community institution or other organisation as decided by the Board of Governors for a minimum period of 1 year". However, the "the right to being a Category I pupil only takes effect from the date on which the existence of a contract of at least one year duration can be proven. This right cannot be applied retroactively." Contract Staff employed for less than one year or those whose contracts are temporarily interrupted are subject to school fees for the period concerned. School fees are calculated on a monthly basis, with each month counting for 1/10 of the school year.

    Keywords: jobs
  4. Do you provide instructions how to perform PCR?
    30/04/2014

    Event-specific detection methods submitted under the provision of Art. 47 of Regulation EC 1829/2003 and their validation reports are accessible on the web site of the EURL for GM food and feed (EURL-GMFF) under the section "Status of dossiers". Detection methods used during the certification of a GMO reference material are listed in the certification report.

    Institutes: IRMM
    Keywords: GMO, reference material, measurement, quality, standard
  5. Which DNA extraction method should I use?
    30/04/2014

    Reliable results can only be guaranteed if an extraction method validated in a collaborative trial is used. Some extraction methods and their validation reports are accessible on the web site of the EURL for GM food and feed under the section "Status of dossiers".

    Institutes: IRMM
    Keywords: GMO, reference material, measurement, quality, standard
  6. Is the sequence information for GM varieties publicly available?
    30/04/2014

    The sequence information is usually patented by the producer and can in some cases be retrieved from the patent application. The sequence information itself is confidential and therefore not always accessible, whereas the primer and probe sequences targeted by the event-specific detection methods provided according to Art. 47 of Regulation EC 1829/2003 are accessible on the web site of the EURL for GM food and feed under the section "Methods database".

    Institutes: IRMM
    Keywords: GMO, reference material, measurement, quality, standard
  7. Can I purchase 100% GMO CRMs?
    30/04/2014

    IRMM only produces for selected GMO events a pure certified GMO reference material (nominal 100%). However, such materials may be available from other organisations or the intellectual property owner of the GMO event.

    Institutes: IRMM
    Keywords: GMO, reference material, measurement, quality, standard
  8. Can I use the GMO CRMs to calibrate my ELISA measurements?
    30/04/2014

    GMO reference materials from IRMM can be used as calibrants for DNA-based and protein-based methods. You should set-up a calibration with a reference material (calibrant) with known GM concentrations in order to be able to translate your test result into GM% m/m (mass fraction).

    Institutes: IRMM
    Keywords: GMO, reference material, measurement, quality, standard
  9. How do I compare my result with the certified values?
    30/04/2014

    The underlying principle is that one has to check whether the difference between the measured result and the certified value is larger than the expanded combined uncertainty of measurement and certified value. This is done as follows:

    1. Calculate the standard uncertainty of the certified value (uCRM). This is obtained by dividing the expanded uncertainty given on the certificate by the expansion factor (also stated on the certificate).
    2. Estimate the measurement uncertainty (um) of the result. As a very rough approximation, the reproducibility standard deviation can be used
    3. Combine the two uncertainties: image002.gif
    4. Check whether 2*uc is larger than the difference between the certified and the measurement value. If this is the case, the measurement result agrees within the limits of the respective uncertainties with the certified values

    For example: Certified reference material BCR-605 (road dust) with a trimethyllead-content of 7.9 ± 1.2 µg/kg has been used. The analytical result was 11.10 µg/kg and the standard measurement uncertainty as determined in the method validation (um) is 15 %, i.e. 1.67 µg/kg. The difference between analytical result and certified value is therefore 3.2 µg/kg. Prior to the determination of the combined uncertainty, the standard uncertainty of the certified value of the reference material must be determined. The uncertainty of the certified value (UCRM) is given as 95 % confidence interval with 6 degrees of freedom as stated on the certificate. The factor of the t-distribution (t95, 6) is 2.447. The confidence interval must be divided by this factor to obtain the standard uncertainty of the certified value. This standard uncertainty (uCRM) is therefore:

    image004.gif

    The combined uncertainty (uc) of measurement and certified value is the square root of the quadratic sum of the individual uncertainties:

    image006.gif

    The results show that the uncertainty of the certified value has almost no influence on the combined uncertainty. This combined uncertainty is now multiplied with a coverage factor of 2 to obtain the expanded uncertainty (here 3.48 µg/kg). This expanded uncertainty is bigger than the difference between analytical results and certified values (3.2 µg/kg). Within the limits of the uncertainties, no method bias is visible.

    Institutes: IRMM
    Keywords: reference material, measurement, quality, standard
  10. What is a nominal value?
    30/04/2014

    A nominal value is a provisional value, usually the target one wants to achieve with the CRM. It is usually different from the certified value and should therefore not be used.

    Institutes: IRMM
    Keywords: reference material, measurement, quality, standard