EU Science Hub

FAQ

Can I purchase 100% GMO CRMs?

IRMM only produces for selected GMO events a pure certified GMO reference ma

terial (nominal 100%). However, such materials may be available from other organisations or the intellectual property owner of the GMO event.

Can I purchase bulk volumes of CRMs?

IRMM does not sell bulk volumes of reference materials, but rat

her individually labelled samples (‘units’) of CRMs.

Can I use the GMO CRMs to calibrate my ELISA measurements?

GMO reference materials from IRMM can be used as calibrants for DNA-based an

d protein-based methods. You should set-up a calibration with a reference material (calibrant) with known GM concentrations in order to be able to translate your test result into GM% m/m (mass fraction).

Can staff members (contract staff and auxiliary contract staff) expect to have mobility within the institution in a similar way to officials?

Mobility of contract staff members within Commission services is already tak

ing place, subject to the agreement of the services and the person concerned, and the condition that the Contract Staff member maintains her/his status as either a contract staff (FGI) or auxiliary contract staff (FG II, III, IV) member.

Could you list some of the benefits of this type of contract?

  • Community taxation and social security;
  • Individual rights and a
llowances (reimbursement of moving costs, installation indemnities, expatriation allowance, education allowances, family allowances);
  • Unemployment Benefit;
  • European Commission health insurance scheme;
  • Annual medical check-up;
  • Access to the European School.
  • Do contract staff and auxiliary contract staff benefit from medical insurance coverage after the end of their contracts?

    Under certain conditions a staff member may continue to be covered for a lim

    ited period following the end of their contract.

    Do I have to throw my material away after the expiry date?

    Producers of reference materials guarantee within a specified time (=shelf l

    ife) the integrity of the material and the validity of the certificate accompanying the material, provided the sample is properly transported and stored. Furthermore, most producers guarantee this only for the unopened container. In other words, once the original material container is opened material integrity can no longer be guaranteed. This does not automatically mean that the user has to throw away the unused sample, but it only means that the producer can simply not guarantee stability forever.

    Do you provide instructions how to perform PCR?

    Event-specific detection methods submitted under the provision of Art.

    47 of Regulation EC 1829/2003 and their validation reports are accessible on the web site of the EURL for GM food and feed (EURL-GMFF) under the section "Status of dossiers". Detection methods used during the certification of a GMO reference material are listed in the certification report.

    How can an organisation work with the JRC?

    The JRC welcomes organisations from Member State and 

    .europa.eu/dgs/jrc/index.cfm?id=1720&lang=EN" title="Enlargement ">accession countries as partners across the full range of its activities. It is seeking to increase awareness of JRC activities and the opportunities it offers for research co-operation at all levels, and to improve dialogue with potential partners. The JRC also has an active policy of protecting and exploiting its research results and new licensees are regularly sought.

    How can I assess the robustness of a composite indicator?

    The selection of an appropriate methodology is central to any exercise attem

    pting to capture and summarize the interactions among the individual indicators included in a composite indicator or ranking system (Saisana and Tarantola, 2002).
    Several practitioners have noted that the encoding process of building a composite indicator or a ranking system is fraught with uncertainties of different order. As a result, an uncertainty analysis should naturally include a careful mapping of all these uncertainties (/assumptions) onto the space of the output (/inferences). When this is done, two things can happen:

    • The space of the inference is still narrow enough as to be meaningful (the possible rank range is relatively narrow)
    • The space of the inference is too wide (no meaningful rank can be estimated for the universities).

    The latter outcome calls in turn for a revision of the ranking system, or a further collection of indicators.

    To this end, one needs to carry out a thorough uncertainty and sensitivity analysis of the Index or ranking system under a plurality of scenarios in which different sources of uncertainty are activated simultaneously. The sources of uncertainty should cover a wide and versatile spectrum of methodological assumptions (all with their advantages and implications). Such a multi-modeling approach allows one to deal with the criticism, often made to league tables and rankings systems, that ranks are presented as if they were calculated under conditions of certainty while this is rarely the case. This multi-modeling approach has already proven to be useful in the development and validation of several composite indicators such as the case studies available as related publications.

    More info: Composite Indicators Research Group (COIN)

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