The 20th annual session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 10th session of the Meeting of the Parties (CMP) to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol (the protocol having been developed under the UNFCCC's charter) will be held from 1 to 12 December 2014. COP 20/CMP 10 will be hosted by the Government of Peru, in Lima, Peru.
The aim of the Conference, which is expected to convene more than 190 countries that are Parties to the UNFCCC, is to produce the first draft of a new concrete and binding global agreement to address the impacts of climate change, which will be finalised at the COP 21 in Paris next year.
JRC scientist Giacomo Grassi will follow the discussions on LULUCF (Land Use, Land Land Change and Forestry) and REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation), specifically those that aim to define the detailed “up-front information” accompanying the intended nationally determined contributions (INDC)* that UNFCCC Parties shall submit in preparation for the COP 21.
He will also follow discussions related to reporting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals during the 2nd Commitment period of the Kyoto protocol, the discussion on REDD+ implementation, and side events relevant to UNFCCC and REDD+, and will give two presentations:
- Presentation at side event “Forest Potential for Climate Change Mitigation and the Post-Kyoto Climate Policy Framework” (05/12/2014),
- Presentation at the Discussion Forum “Making Forest Information Systems work for REDD+ and beyond” during the Global Landscapes Forum (07/12/2014).
* intended nationally determined contributions (INDC)
It is expected that the land-use sector (mainly forests) will play a relevant role in the UNFCCC negotiations about the future global climate change agreement, to be finalised at next year's COP 21 in Paris.
In preparation for the 2015 Agreement, COP 19 decided that Parties should intensify the preparation of their intended nationally determined contributions (INDC), so that they may be communicated well in advance of the Paris conference (by the first quarter of 2015, for Parties ready to do so). In addition, it was decided that:
- these INDC contributions should be developed in a manner that facilitates the clarity, transparency and understanding of the mitigation ambition.
- the detailed “up-front information” accompanying the INDC shall be identified at the COP 20 in Lima, December 2014.
This ex-ante information should help to build mutual trust among Parties, enhance comparability of efforts and encourage greater ambition in the 2015 agreement.