EU Science Hub

Frequently Asked Questions - General

1. What are alternative test methods?

3. What is the historical context of EU legislation to reduce testing on animals?

5. What alternative methods have been validated by EURL ECVAM?

6. What are the main steps in the validation of an alternative method?

7. How long does validation take?

8. Besides validating alternative methods, what else has EURL ECVAM accomplished?

9. What is the EU doing to promote research and validation of alternative methods?

10. What is the European Partnership for Alternative Methods to Animal Testing (EPAA)?

11. Are there cultural barriers preventing a larger diffusion of alternative methods?

12. Which scientific challenges are still limiting a reduction in animal testing?

13. What scientific advantages do alternative methods have when compared to animal tests?

14. Why do we look for validation of replacements - the animal tests were themselves never validated?

15. Isn't animal testing for cosmetics already prohibited in the EU?

16. If testing on animals for cosmetics is forbidden, what kinds of tests are still being done on animals in the EU?

17. Is animal testing for cosmetics done in countries beyond Europe?

18. Which animals are used in testing for cosmetics?

19. How can I know that a cosmetic product I buy is not tested on animals, if it comes from outside the EU?

20. What is the meaning of animal testing-free labels on cosmetics?

21. Is it true that alternative methods are not yet available for some adverse health effects?

22. Which validated methods are available today?

23. What scientific improvements are still needed to address the most complex cases where alternative tests are not (fully) established?

24. Does the EU promote alternative methods at an international level?

25. Can substances tested on animals under REACH be used as cosmetics ingredients?

26. Are alternative methods accepted under the EU regulations on chemicals, REACH?

27. Did EURL ECVAM ever validate a method based on human embryonic stem cells as an alternative method to animal testing?

28. How does EURL ECVAM's work relate to the new vision of toxicity testing in the 21st Century?

29. Is it possible to contemplate a future where animal testing is not necessary?