EU Science Hub

Sustainability of Biofuels, Bioenergy and Alternative Fuels

The Sustainability of Biofuels, Bioenergy and Alternative Fuels (ALFA) Action contributes with its scientific knowledge and analytical capacity to the European Commission's policy goals of:

It provides support to the European Commission in fulfilling its legal obligations regarding biofuels with respect to the implementation and reporting requirements of Directive 2009/28/EC (Renewable Energy Directive – RED) and of Directive 2009/30/EC (amendment to the Fuel Quality Directive – FQD).

The main focus of analysis is on the sustainability of supply and the techno-economic viability of several pathways. In more details the ALFA Action:

  • Identifies and characterises sustainability aspects of biofuels, bioenergy and other alternative fuels, monitors their environmental performance, and supports the European Commission in fulfilling its legal obligations, including reporting requirements
  • Develops, upgrades and improves methodological and analytical tools based on real-world input data to calculate and assess energy efficiency and GHG emissions balances of conventional and alternative fuel pathways and propulsion system solutions through the well-to-wheels approach.
  • Develops, upgrades and improves modelling on projections for demand and supply of alternative transport fuels and strives to achieve consensus with relevant Europe-based industry associations.