Abstract - As Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems are increasingly making decisions that directly affect users and society, many questions raise across social, economic, political, technological, legal, ethical and philosophical issues. Can machines make moral decisions? Should artificial systems ever be treated as ethical entities? What are the legal and ethical consequences of human enhancement technologies, or cyber-genetic technologies? How should moral, societal and legal values be part of the design process? In this talk, we look at ways to ensure ethical behaviour by artificial systems. Given that ethics are dependent on the socio-cultural context and are often only implicit in deliberation processes, methodologies are needed to elicit the values held by designers and stakeholders, and to make these explicit leading to better understanding and trust on artificial autonomous systems. We will in particular focus on the ART principles for AI: Accountability, Responsibility, Transparency.
Bio - Virginia Dignum is Associate Professor on Social Artificial Intelligence at the Faculty of Technology Policy and Management at the Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands. From October 2018, she will be Professor of AI and Society at University of Umeå in Sweden. Her research focuses on value-sensitive design of intelligent systems and multi-agent organisations, in particular on the ethical and societal impact of AI. She is a Fellow of the European Artificial Intelligence Association (EURAI) and has been vice president of the BNVKI (Benelux AI Association). In 2006, she was awarded the prestigious Veni grant from NWO (Dutch Organization for Scientific Research) for her work on agent-based organizational frameworks. She a well-known speaker on the social and ethical impacts of Artificial Intelligence, and is member of the reviewing boards for all major journals and conferences in AI. She has also chaired many international conferences and workshops, including ECAI2016, the European Conference on AI. She has published more than 180 peer-reviewed papers and edited several books. From 2011 to 2017, she was vice-president of the Benelux AI Association (BNVKI). Currently, she is member of the High Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence from the European Commission, is member of the Executive Committee of the IEEE Initiative on Ethics of Autonomous Systems, and sits in the scientific boards of the Delft Design for Values Institute, the AI4People - European Global Forum on AI, and the Responsible Robotics Foundation.