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The Effects of Robot Cognitive Reliability and Social Positioning on Child-Robot Team Dynamics

The Effects of Robot Cognitive Reliability and Social Positioning on Child-Robot Team Dynamics

Human collaboration is more likely to lead to cognitive growth when all group-members are actively involved in the collaborative process. However, there are cases that intra- group relationships need support. In this paper, we present an autonomous robotic system designed to interact with a pair of children in a problem-solving setting, aiming to understand how the robot behaviour impacts the group-members’ social dynamics. We developed an autonomous system with the Haru robot which we evaluated with an experimental study with 5- 8yo children (N = 84) to test the impact of the robot’s cognitive reliability and social positioning on human-to-human social dynamics, task performance and help-seeking behaviour. All participants took part in a baseline session (without the robot), an intervention (with the robot in a turn-taking setting) and an evaluation session (with a robot in a voluntary interaction setting). Results indicate that children who interacted with the reliable robot had a better task performance but children who interacted with the unreliable robot exhibited more task- related social interactions. Based on the results, we propose an interaction design concept which combines the set of the evaluated robot behaviours for an adaptive targeted support of child-robot teaming.

This paper was presented at the International Conference of Robotics and Automation (ICRA2021). Click here to watch the video recording of the presentation.

File authors: 
Vicky Charisi, Luis Merino, Marina Escobar, Fernando Caballero, Randy Gomez, Emilia Gomez
File date: 
31-03-2021
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