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State of the European Union 2020
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen today mapped out in her first annual State of the Union Address to the European Parliament a path for the European Union to overcome the fragility laid bare by the coronavirus crisis and build a union of vitality.
The President stressed that with NextGenerationEU, Europe has a once in a lifetime opportunity to make change happen by design, and not by disaster or by diktat from others. She added that Europe has everything it needs to make this happen: It has the vision, the plan, the investment.
The response to coronavirus – and protecting Europe's health in the future
The President called for lessons to be learned, saying Europe must build a stronger European health union, with a future-proof and properly funded EU4Health programme, a reinforced European Medicines Agency (EMA) and a strengthened European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).
She pledged to build a European BARDA – agency for biomedical advanced research and development – to enhance Europe's capacity to respond to cross-border threats. The President called for a debate on new competences for the EU in the field of health, as part of the forthcoming Conference on the Future of Europe.
An EU that protects
President von der Leyen stressed the importance of reinforcing Europe's social market economy and of protecting workers and businesses from external shocks. She promised to put forward a legal framework for setting minimum wages, emphasising that “minimum wages work – and it is time work paid”.
The President pledged action to boost the single market, reinforce the Economic and Social Union, get the Schengen area working in full again, update the EU's industry strategy and adapt its competition framework.
European Green Deal – reducing emissions by 55% by 2030
The President revealed that the European Commission is proposing to increase the 2030 target for emissions reduction from 40% to 55%. This will put the EU on track for climate neutrality by 2050 and for meeting its Paris Agreement obligations. The Carbon Border Adjustment mechanism will help ensure others will follow Europe's lead.
By next summer the Commission will revise all of the EU's climate and energy legislation to make it ‘fit for 55'.
The President further announced that 30% of the €750 billion #NextGenerationEU budget will be raised through green bonds. And 37% funding will be invested in European Green Deal objectives, including ‘lighthouse' European projects – hydrogen, green building and 1 million electric charging points.
She called for a new ‘European Bauhaus' as a co-creation platform for architects, engineers and designers, to launch the architectural style of our times, reflecting our aspirations to make Europe the first climate neutral continent.
Europe's Digital Decade
President von der Leyen stressed that “Europe must now lead the way on digital – or it will have to follow the way of others.” She called for a common plan for digital Europe with clearly defined goals for 2030, such as for connectivity, skills and digital public services. She further announced that the EU will invest 20% of NextGenerationEU's budget on digital.
A Vital Europe in a Fragile World
The President called for the revitalisation and reform of the multilateral system, including the UN, WTO and WHO. She pledged that the European Commission will put forward a European Magnitsky act and urged Member States to embrace qualified majority voting on external relations “at least on human rights and sanctions implementation.”
Referring to “new beginnings with old friends”, the President said Europe is ready to build a new transatlantic agenda with the U.S. and to reach a deal with the UK, provided it honours the Withdrawal Agreement, “a matter of law, trust and good faith” on which “we will never backtrack”.
The President pledged an economic recovery package for the Western Balkans and highlighted the importance of Europe's relationship with Africa: “not just neighbours…but natural partners”.
Finally, President von der Leyen pledges to use Europe's “diplomatic strength and economic clout to broker agreements that make a difference” on ethical, human rights and environmental issues. She made clear that the EU wants a global agreement on digital taxation, but will go it alone if that cannot be achieved: “I want Europe to be a global advocate for fairness.”
A New Pact on Migration
The President revealed that next week the Commission will put forward its New Pact on Migration, with an approach based on humanity, solidarity and a “clear distinction between those who have the right to stay and those who do not”. She promised that the Commission will “step up and take responsibility” for dealing with the situation after the Moria fire, but: “if we step up, then I expect the Member States to step up…Migration is a European challenge and all of Europe must do its part.”
Rule of Law
The President stressed that the Commission will before the end of September adopt its first annual Rule of Law report covering all Member States. President von der Leyen pledged to ensure that EU funds are spent with the rule of law guaranteed.
Anti-racism and tackling hate crime and discrimination
President von der Leyen announced that the Commission will present a European anti-racism action plan, strengthen racial equality laws and extend the list of EU-level crimes to all forms of hate crime and hate speech, whether based on race, religion gender or sexuality. The Commission will also appoint its first ever anti-racism coordinator. It will put forward a strategy to strengthen LGBTQI rights and will push for mutual recognition of family relations in the EU.
Download the full text of President von der Leyen's State of the Union address here.
Letter of Intent
President von der Leyen's Address is accompanied by a ‘Letter of Intent' to European Parliament President David Sassoli and to German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who holds the rotating Council Presidency. The letter sets out a list of initiatives the European Commission intends to bring forward over the coming year, in order to deliver the objectives set out in the Address which is available online in English, French and German, and will be available in all EU languages shortly.
Learn more about how the von der Leyen Commission has delivered on its commitments during the first year in office here.
WEBINAR: The State of the European Union 2020
|To mark this major speech, the European Commission Representation in Ireland, the Institute of International and European Affairs (IIEA) and the European Parliament Liaison Office in Ireland hosted a live-streaming of President von der Leyen's State of the Union address, followed by a webinar panel discussion assessing the key themes explored and President von der Leyen’s outlook and priorities for the future of Europe.|
Speakers at the event included:
- Senator Regina Doherty, Leader of Seanad Éireann;
- David O’Sullivan, Chair of the Governing Board of the European Policy Centre, former Director General of TD Trade and former Secretary General of the European Commission;
- Dr Mary C. Murphy, Jean Monnet Chair in European Integration and Lecturer in Politics, University College Cork.
The panel was moderated by Martina Fitzgerald, Journalist and Author.
A recording of the event can be viewed here.