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International Cooperation and Development

Tanzania

Tanzania is a low-income country in East Africa that benefits from impressive economic growth. The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which employs 80% of the work force, but accounts for only one quarter of the gross domestic product (GDP).

Although Tanzania is gifted with plenty of natural resources, good weather conditions, long coastal line and big lakes, as well as a strategic geo-position as a getaway for landlocked countries, Tanzania’s economy is still very shallow in terms of added value. An economic transformation, which requires investment, new technologies and skilled labour, is needed to address the fundamental challenges of sustainable development in Tanzania.

While the poverty rate has recently declined, the absolute number of the poor remains high given that Tanzania is one of the fastest growing population countries in Africa.

Our priorities

The EU’s priorities in Tanzania are:

  • Peace and Stability: strengthening Tanzania's resilience.

  • Prosperity: promoting inclusive and sustainable growth.

  • Planet: promoting sustainable energy.

  • People: empowering Tanzania's people, especially women and youth, and the most vulnerable groups.

In line with EU commitments, all actions will be implemented following a rights-based approach, encompassing all human rights and abiding by the 'do no harm principle' to avoid unintended negative impact in terms of human rights.

Our programmes

The 11th European Development Fund (EDF) National Indicative Programme (NIP) allocated €626 million for the 2014-2020 funding period. This is the main strategic instrument to implement the EU priorities in Tanzania, which respond to a large extent to 3 priorities areas:

  1. Good governance and development - focuses on core issues that are of the upmost importance to drive Tanzania in its transformation process:

  • governance

  • fight against corruption and accountability

  • protection of human rights

  • non-discrimination and freedom of speech

  • economic governance

  • fiscal stability

  • structural reforms, including business environment

  1. Energy – focuses on access to electricity, particularly in rural areas, promoting renewable energy and energy efficiency, as well as sector policy and regulatory reforms.

  1. Sustainable agriculture – aiming to transform agriculture into a key driver for inclusive and smart climate growth, poverty eradication, sustainable development, job creation and industrialisation.

Additional support is provided through measures in favour of civil society. Specific support to gender-related measures is also foreseen.

The strategy for the 2014-2020 programming period aims at promoting pro-poor, inclusive and sustainable growth in Tanzania. It will tap into opportunities to promote trade, investment and cooperation with and through the private sector.

Tanzania will also benefit substantially from other EU initiatives, including:

  • The East African Community's (EAC) planned projects on peace and security, regional economic integration and natural resource management, amounting to €85 million in total for the EAC region.

  • Cross-regional programmes such as the €30 million Wildlife Conservation programme in Eastern, Southern and Horn of Africa.

  • A €10 million project for strengthening institutional mechanisms for migration management in Eastern and Southern Africa.

Tanzania may also be included in cross-regional fisheries projects and a trans-boundary water management project on Lake Tanganyika.