Tajikistan is a landlocked mountainous country of nearly 9 million inhabitants, bordering Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and China. While the country reduced its monetary poverty rate from 90% in the late 1990s to around 30% today, it continues to be the poorest in the Central Asia region as well as the most remittance-dependent country in the world.
Developmental challenges include falling living standards due to global recession, environmental degradation due to improper use of natural resources and the impact of climate change, and a business environment deterring private sector development.
The EU and itscountries provide 40% of the global total overall development assistance to Tajikistan. Considering that the country classification shifted back fromlower-middle income country to low income country in 2018, EU budget support and blending grants are becoming increasingly valuable.
Initial discussions are ongoing between the EU and Tajikistan on the EU’s Special incentive arrangement for sustainable development (GSP+ scheme).
Financing of 63% of all primary health care facilities
Healthcare financing through EU budget support has allowed the development of a per-capita financing system that funded a large part of all primary health care (PHC) facilities. The EU supports health financing reforms to ensure the accessibility of quality health services for all without financial hardship.
Development and implementation of the Health Management Information System at national and district level
Long-term EU support to the government of Tajikistan for the development and implementation of the Health Management Information System (HMIS) started in 2008. in April 2018, after 10 years of EU support, the HMIS was handed over to the Ministry of Health and Social Protection of the Population.
More than 30,000 teachers trained on competency-based education in general secondary education
In the framework of the Quality Education Support Programme I, the EU assists the Ministry of Education and Science and the Ministry of Labour, Migration and Employment of the Population to conduct major reforms in the general secondary education and the initial vocational education and training (IVET). The EU will supply equipment for teacher training centres throughout the country.
Early intervention and rehabilitation centres for children with disabilities
Under Human Development Support Programme II (HDSP II) in the framework of the Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) programme, the availability of early intervention rooms/play corners and rehabilitation centres for children with disabilities established at community level. In each sub-district, early intervention spaces were set up in the primary health centres.
- 4 rehabilitation centres
- 17 mother-and-child rooms
- 18 community rehabilitation workers rooms, and
- 9 play corners for children with disabilities set up at community level.
As part of the current multi-annual programme cycle for Tajikistan, the EU operates in three priority sectors in the country with an indicative envelope of €231 million: health, education and rural development.
EU support aims at improving the quality of secondary and vocational education and training, and re-establishing links with the labour market.
Support to health strengthens the governance of the sector by improving coverage with equitable, affordable and quality services, especially for vulnerable populations.
Projects target poverty reduction in rural and isolated communities, through inclusive on- and off-farm wealth creation and income employment generating opportunities. They encourage sustainable use and management of natural resources and ecosystems and improve resilience to extreme climatic conditions.
The EU provides grants to local and international organisations, technical assistance to ministries, and budgetary support feeding into one of the priority sectors. We also provide grants to attract financial resources from international financing institutions to stimulate investments, primarily in the area of energy.
Tajikistan benefits from EU regional programmes on higher education and TVET, regional water and energy dialogue, cooperation on climate change and disaster risk reduction, rule of law, and support to boosting private sector development as well as regional trade within Central Asia and with Afghanistan. Global EU programmes support i.a. stability through prevention of violent extremism and work on remediation of uranium legacy sites.