International Cooperation and Development

Somalia

Following more than two decades of civil war and absence of state control, Somalia is on a path to emerge from fragility and has embarked on a political reconstruction process.

The government faces a range of state building challenges, not only on security but also on developing a viable system of federal government, adequately resourcing the core functions of the state, reducing corruption, fostering growth and investing in longer term recovery.

Our priorities

The main objective of EU development cooperation with Somalia is to rebuild the state, improve security and stability and reduce poverty.

The EU and its member countries have been leading actors in supporting Somalia’s recovery and stabilisation.

Our impact

The EU has been a key contributor to the development of core state functions:

  • Federal and regional administrations have prepared an impressive number of key legislation and policies.

  • Financial governance has improved considerably at the level of budget planning, procurement and payment processing.

  • Reengagement with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has laid the ground for debt relief.

In education, since 2013 primary, secondary and vocational training opportunities have been expanded with a particular focus on newly liberated areas. Recent key achievements are the standardised national exams for secondary students and the Somali-owned curriculum.

Our programmes

Under the current programming period (2014-2020), the EU has committed €286 million to Somalia, across the following sectors:

  • State building and peace building (€119 million) – to support rule of law, security, building and strengthening core state functions, democratisation and reconciliation.

  • Food security and building resilience (€72 million) – to strengthen resilience against predictable shocks.

  • Education (€60 million) – to improve access to quality education and training and to strengthen education systems.

In March 2017, a further €200 million was allocated through the EU Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF). This additional allocation will address the root causes of destabilisation, forced displacement and irregular migration and assist Somalis in realising the vision developed in the National Development Plan (NDP).

4 subsequent projects have since been agreed:

  • Enhancing security and rule of law in Somalia (€40 million)

  • Inclusive Local and Economic Development – ILED (€83 million)

  • The Somalia State and Resilience Building Contract (€100 million)

  • Operational Support (Air Transport) Services (€6.5 million)

Additional support to Somalia is channelled through other EU initiatives, in particular through the Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace, the Africa Peace Facility and 3 Common Security and Defence Policy missions (EUCAP Nestor, EU Naval Force Atalanta and EU Training Mission in Somalia).