Papua New Guinea
A lower middle income country with important natural resources and one of the world's largest remaining rainforest, Papua New Guinea is the largest country and biggest economy in the Pacific.
Main development challenges include poor access to and quality of social services for large parts of the population, a weak social, economic and political system and political instability, lack of employment opportunities for an increasing and young population, very high level of violence in general and gender-based violence in particular, lack of physical infrastructure as well as environmental degradation.
The EU and Papua New Guinea enjoy more than 40 years of partnership and cooperation.
Papua New Guinea is part of the ACP group of countries and benefits from an amount of €154 million under the 11th EDF National Indicative Programme plus funding under the Regional Indicative Programme for the Pacific, the European Instrument for Democracy & Human Rights (EIDHR) and the Civil Society / Local Authorities programme (CSO).
- 200 schools and 36 health centres in 4 districts are receiving safe water supply, improved sanitation and handwashing facilities.
- 5 km of rural access roads in selected areas of the Highlands region of Papua New Guinea are being rehabilitated, significantly improving movement of people and access to goods and services for the people in isolated areas of the country.
- 40,000 jobs have been created as a result of the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) and trade-related assistance
- Substantial legislative and regulatory improvements of public financial management have been achieved. One of the results has been an increase by €150 million of non-tax revenue in the national budget 2018.
- 10 technical and vocational education and training (TVET) centresacross the country have been provided with new infrastructure
- The teaching capacities of 270 TVET instructors have been upgraded
- 1,200 2nd year TVET students have been enabled to do "On the Job Training", resulting in a significant improvement of their employability
- More than 3,400 human right defenders and frontline workers (including community child protection volunteers, court magistrates and police) have been trained
The 2014-2020 national indicative programme identified as focal areas of the cooperation between the EU and Papua New Guinea:
- rural entrepreneurship, investment and trade
- water, sanitation and hygiene
- education, especially vocational education and training (TVET)
Following the mid-term review, education was replaced as focal sector by policy reforms and good governance. In addition, the EU also supports Papua New Guinea in the field of sound public financial management, trade, forestry, climate change and rural infrastructure.
As part of the global EIDHR and Civil Society / Local Authorities programme, the EU supports civil society actors in contributing to addressing violence and to promoting governance and development processes.